Hiromitsu Saito

Learn More
We previously reported that Otx2 is essential for photoreceptor cell fate determination; however, the functional role of Otx2 in postnatal retinal development is still unclear although it has been reported to be expressed in retinal bipolar cells and photoreceptors at postnatal stages. In this study, we first examined the roles of Otx2 in the terminal(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic devastating disease of unknown etiology. No therapy is currently available. A growing body of evidence supports the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 as the major player in the pathogenesis of the disease. However, attempts to control its expression and to improve the outcome of pulmonary fibrosis have(More)
CD98 is one of the important molecules for development, cell differentiation, cell proliferation, and regulation of cellular function. In this study, CD98 heavy chain (HC) knockout mice were produced and analyzed. Five targeted ES clones were obtained and colony frequency was about 2%. One (clone 113) of the five heterozygous ES cell clones had undergone(More)
We report a knock-in mouse expressing Cre recombinase from the translational initiation site (ATG) of the endogenous L7/Pcp-2 gene. The resulting Cre expression matches the pattern of L7/Pcp-2 expression that is restricted to cerebellar Purkinje cells and retinal cells. Moreover, the Cre mouse showed no significant behavioral abnormality. Thus, our novel(More)
Among various types of low- and high-threshold calcium channels, the high voltage-activated P/Q-type channel is the most abundant in the cerebellum. These P/Q-type channels are involved in the regulation of neurotransmitter release and in the integration of dendritic inputs. We used an antibody specific for the alpha1A subunit of the P/Q-type channel in(More)
Mutational activation of the ras proto-oncogenes is frequently found in skin cancers. However, the nature of downstream signaling pathways from Ras involved in skin carcinogenesis remains poorly understood. Recently, we and others identified phospholipase C (PLC) epsilon as an effector of Ras. Here we have examined the role of PLCepsilon in de novo skin(More)
Myosin phosphatase (MP) is a major phosphatase responsible for the dephosphorylation of the regulatory light chain of myosin II. MYPT1, a target subunit of smooth and nonmuscle MP, is responsible for activation and regulation of MP. To identity the physiological roles of MP, we have generated MYPT1-deficient mice by gene targeting. The heterozygous mice(More)
The skin is an immune organ that contains innate and acquired immune systems and thus is able to respond to exogenous stimuli producing large amount of proinflammatory cytokines including IL-1 and IL-1 family members. The role of the epidermal IL-1 is not limited to initiation of local inflammatory responses, but also to induction of systemic inflammation.(More)
CTLA4 is an inhibitory regulator of immune responses. Therapeutic CTLA4 blockade enhances T cell responses against cancer and provides striking clinical results against advanced melanoma. However, this therapy is associated with immune-related adverse events. Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders are immune-mediated neurological diseases that develop in the(More)
Ras mutation is important for carcinogenesis. Carcinogenesis consists of multi-step process with mutations in several genes. We investigated the role of DNA damage in carcinogenesis initiated by K-ras mutation, using conditional transgenic mice. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that mutagenic 8-nitroguanine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine(More)