Hiromitsu Maekawa

Learn More
Angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF), a member of the angiopoietin-like protein (Angptl) family, is secreted predominantly from the liver into the systemic circulation. Here, we show that most (>80%) of the AGF-deficient mice die at about embryonic day 13, whereas the surviving AGF-deficient mice develop marked obesity, lipid accumulation in skeletal(More)
Angiopoietin (Ang) signaling plays a role in angiogenesis and remodeling of blood vessels through the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2, which is expressed on blood vessel endothelial cells (BECs). Recently it has been shown that Ang-2 is crucial for the formation of lymphatic vasculature and that defects in lymphangiogenesis seen in Ang-2 mutant mice are(More)
OBJECTIVE The transmembrane ligand ephrin-B2 and its receptor tyrosine kinase EphB4 are specifically expressed on arterial and venous endothelial cells, respectively, and bidirectional signals mediated by both proteins play an important role in vascular development. However, how such bidirectional signals are required for cell-cell adhesion or repulsion(More)
We report here the identification of angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF) as a positive mediator for angiogenesis. To investigate the biologic function of AGF in angiogenesis, we analyzed the vasculature in the dermis of transgenic mice expressing AGF in mouse epidermal keratinocytes (K14-AGF). K14-AGF transgenic mice were grossly red, especially in the(More)
Multiple steps, including the migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs), are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To discover genes which are involved in these steps, we screened mutant mouse lines established by the exchangeable gene trap method utilizing X-gal staining during their embryonic development. One of these lines showed strong(More)
We report here the identification of an angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF). To examine the biological function of AGF in vivo, we created transgenic mice expressing AGF in epidermal keratinocytes (K14-AGF). K14-AGF mice exhibited swollen and reddish ears, nose and eyelids. Histological analyses of K14-AGF mice revealed significantly thickened(More)
A novel lectin derived from silkworm faeces, named NUE, activates phagocytosis of mouse peritoneal macrophages. At this time, significant morphological changes of the cells take place. NUE-treated macrophages formed projection-like neurocytes within 12 hr of treatment, and appeared somewhat flat in shape with the activation of cell growth. Associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE In this study, we delivered ephrin-B2 to the ischemic hind limb of rabbits using an ex vivo method of gene transfer and evaluated whether the in vivo application of ephrin-B2 contributed to the development of functional collateral vessels. Ephrin-B2 is a transmembrane ligand of several Eph receptors and bidirectional signaling between ephrin-B2(More)
OBJECTIVE Several in vitro studies have implicated that adrenomedullin (AM) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular injury and fatty streak formation. To test this possibility in vivo, we evaluated 2 experimental models using transgenic mice overexpressing AM in a vessel-selective manner (AMTg mice). METHODS AND RESULTS Placement of a(More)
OBJECTIVE Ephrin-B2 plays a key role in vascular development. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of ephrin-B2 signaling through the EphB receptor in endothelial cells and to determine whether ephrin-B2 contributes to in vivo angiogenesis in adult mice. METHODS AND RESULTS A chemotaxis assay on a polycarbonate membrane(More)