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Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), an endogenous inhibitor of a major fibrinolytic factor, tissue-type plasminogen activator, can both promote and inhibit angiogenesis. However, the physiologic role and the precise mechanisms underlying the angiogenic effects of PAI-1 remain unclear. In the present study, we report that pharmacologic inhibition of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Systemic inflammatory responses have been reported to be independent predictors of cancer-specific survival in colorectal cancer. The Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), which is an inflammation-based prognostic factor, is defined by the presence of elevated C-reactive protein and hypoalbuminemia. The purpose of this study was to estimate(More)
Recombination-induced mutation 3 (Rim3) is a spontaneous mouse mutation that exhibits dominant phenotype of hyperkeratosis and hair loss. Fine linkage analysis of Rim3 and sequencing revealed a novel single point mutation, G1124A leading to Ala348Thr, in Gsdma3 in chromosome 11. Transgenesis with BAC DNA harboring the Rim3-type Gsdma3 recaptured the Rim3(More)
GASDERMIN B (GSDMB) belongs to the novel gene family GASDERMIN (GSDM). All GSDM family members are located in amplicons, genomic regions often amplified during cancer development. Given that GSDMB is highly expressed in cancerous cells and the locus resides in an amplicon, GSDMB may be involved in cancer development and/or progression. However, only limited(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Because the TNM system disregards the number of lymph nodes dissected and inter-individual differences exist in the number of regional lymph nodes, the lymph node ratio (LNR), which is estimated by dividing the number of metastatic lymph nodes by the number of dissected lymph nodes, has been proposed as a prognostic factor in recent years.(More)
The patient was a 68-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with a liver tumor. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a liver tumor 30 mm in diameter. On colonoscopy, a pedunculated tumor with a central depression (20 mm in diameter) was observed in the ascending colon, and this tumor was considered to be invading deeply into the(More)
Ischemia of the heart, brain, and limbs is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Treatment with tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA) can dissolve blood clots and can ameliorate the clinical outcome in ischemic diseases. But the underlying mechanism by which tPA improves ischemic tissue regeneration is not well understood. Bone marrow(More)
The patient, a male in his 70s, was referred to this hospital by his neighborhood doctor with what was said to be impaired hepatic function. Detailed examinations revealed a circumferential ascending colon cancer, diffuse hepatic metastases scattered over both liver lobes, and lymph node metastases in the left axilla. With the primary lesion-induced(More)
We measured the activity of orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT), the amount of thymidylate synthase (TS) enzyme, and the activity of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) for individual tissue types in order to study the contribution of these substances to the effects of the pyrimidine fluoride anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). We also studied(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Activated proteases such as plasmin and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are activated in intestinal tissues of patients with active inflammatory bowel diseases. We investigated the effect of plasmin on the progression of acute colitis. METHODS Colitis was induced in Mmp9(-/-), Plg(-/-), and C57BL/6 (control) mice by the administration(More)