Hiromitsu Fukuda

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Hypothermia is a potential therapy for cerebral hypoxic ischemic injury of not only adults but also neonates. However, the side effects of hypothermia in the developing brain, where a massive amount of neurogenesis occurs, remain unclear. We investigated the proliferation of neural progenitor cells by systemic application of the thymidine analog(More)
Podocytes serve as the final barrier to urinary protein loss through a highly specialized structure called a slit membrane and maintain foot process and glomerular basement membranes. Podocyte injury results in progressive glomerular damage and accelerates sclerotic changes, although the exact mechanism of podocyte injury is still obscure. We focus on the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects on the brain including neurogenesis pretreated with repeated doses of dexamethasone in the neonatal rat. STUDY DESIGN The 4-day-old Sprague Dawley rats were pretreated with 4 different regimens, namely, single administration of dexamethasone, 2-dose administration, 3-dose administration, and(More)
The entire cloned human adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) genome is known to be able to generate infectious virus after transfection into 293 cells when the both ends of the genome are exposed by digestion with appropriate restriction enzymes. However, when one or both ends of the genome are tagged with nucleotides and are not intact, whether the tagged end of the(More)
Tissue-/cancer-specific promoters for use in adenovirus vectors (AdVs) are valuable for elucidating specific gene functions and for use in gene therapy. However, low activity, non-specific expression and size limitations in the vector are always problems. Here, we developed a 'double-unit' AdV containing the Cre gene under the control of an α-fetoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND Adriamycin (ADR) nephrosis in mice has been extensively studied and has enabled a greater understanding of the processes underlying the progression of renal injury. Dendrin is a novel component of the slit diaphragm with proapoptotic signaling properties, and it accumulates in the podocyte nucleus in response to glomerular injury in mice. The(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that podocytopenia has been occurring with increasing disease severity in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Dendrin is localized at the slit diaphragm (SD) in podocytes. We showed that dendrin translocates to the nucleus of injured podocytes in experimental nephritis and the nuclear dendrin promotes podocyte apoptosis. It(More)
First-generation adenovirus vectors (FG AdVs) are widely used in basic studies and gene therapy. However, virus-associated (VA) RNAs that act as small-interference RNAs are indeed transcribed from the vector genome. These VA RNAs can trigger the innate immune response. Moreover, VA RNAs are processed to functional viral miRNAs and disturb the expressions of(More)
Niemann-Pick type C1-like 1 (NPC1L1) is an intestinal cholesterol transporter that is known to be the target of the cholesterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe. We previously discovered steroidal NPC1L1 ligands by using a novel cell-based assay that employs pharmacological chaperone effect as a readout. Those steroid derivatives bound to a site different(More)
Macroscopic hematuria is a common symptom in IgA nephropathy and is also one of the most frequent complications after a percutaneous renal biopsy. Here, we describe a patient with IgA nephropathy and recurrent macroscopic hematuria who developed an arteriovenous fistula after renal biopsy.