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Defects in myosin VIIa, harmonin (a PDZ domain protein), cadherin 23, protocadherin 15 and sans (a putative scaffolding protein), underlie five forms of Usher syndrome type I (USH1). Mouse mutants for all these proteins exhibit disorganization of their hair bundle, which is the mechanotransduction receptive structure of the inner ear sensory cells, the(More)
MTF, a murine minor histocompatibility antigen, is maternally inherited and thought to be encoded by a mitochondrial gene. We sequenced the entire mitochondrial genomes from three strains that differ in MTF Mtf beta, Mtf gamma, and Mtf delta) and compared the sequences with the known, Mtf alpha, mitochondrial DNA sequence. We found only one site where all(More)
Neurons require Ca2+-dependent gene transcription for their activity-dependent survival, the mechanisms of which have not been fully elucidated yet. Here, we demonstrate that a novel primary response gene, alivin 1 (ali1), is an activity-dependent gene and promotes survival of neurons. Sequence analyses reveal that rat, mouse, and human Ali1 proteins(More)
Hearing in mammals depends upon the proper development of actin-filled stereocilia at the hair cell surface in the inner ear. Whirlin, a PDZ domain-containing protein, is expressed at stereocilia tips and, by virtue of mutations in the whirlin gene, is known to play a key role in stereocilia development. We show that whirlin interacts with the(More)
We have established transgenic mice that carry the genes coding for heavy and light chains of TNP-specific IgE. They produced high titers of TNP-specific IgE (20-40 microg/ml in serum) and their mast cells were heavily loaded with IgE. The level of FcepsilonRI expression on their mast cells was 6-8 times higher than that in non-transgenic littermates. The(More)
Most vertebrate internal organs show a distinctive left/right asymmetry. The inv (inversion of embryonic turning) mutation in mice was created previously by random insertional mutagenesis; it produces both a constant reversal of left/right polarity (situs inversus) and cyst formation in the kidneys. Asymmetric expression patterns of the genes nodal and(More)
We report the cloning and expression pattern of a novel Ste20-type kinase gene, NIK-related kinase (Nrk), located on the mouse X chromosome. The full-length Nrk cDNA encodes a 1455-amino-acid polypeptide characterized by a N-terminal Ste20-type catalytic domain and a C-terminal regulatory domain characteristic of the group I GCK subfamily. The overall(More)
The adaptive mechanisms that protect brain metabolism during and after hypoxia, for instance, during hypoxic preconditioning, are coordinated in part by nitric oxide (NO). We tested the hypothesis that acute transient hypoxia stimulates NO synthase (NOS)-activated mechanisms of mitochondrial biogenesis in the hypoxia-sensitive subcortex of wild-type (Wt)(More)
In order to determine the influence of poliovirus receptor (PVR) expression on poliovirus cell tropism and neuropathogenesis, two transgenic (tg) mouse models were produced in which PVR was expressed under the transcriptional control of the human PVR gene promoter (hg-PVR mice) and the CAG promoter (CAG-PVR mice). Then the pathogenicity of poliovirus after(More)
In mammals, observations of rapid shifts in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variants between generations have led to the creation of the bottleneck theory for the transmission of mtDNA. The bottleneck could be attributed to a marked decline of mtDNA content in germ cells giving rise to the next generation, to a small effective number of mtDNA segregation units(More)