Hiromichi Takahashi

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The relationship between enkephalinase inhibition by thiorphan in vivo and analgesic activity in nociceptive tests was studied. The analgesic activity of thiorphan in various nociceptive tests was compared with that of a narcotic analgesic, morphine and antipyretic analgesic, antipyrine. Tail-flick test revealed that thiorphan applied(More)
A novel organogermanium compound, Ge-132, carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide, showed enhancement of 0.5 mg/kg morphine analgesia in both administration routes of oral administration (p.o.) and intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) in the Tail-Flick test, and the effect was completely abolished by 0.5 mg/kg Naloxone, stereospecific opiate antagonist. Ge-132 alone,(More)
Retinoids and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) induce differentiation of myeloid leukemia cells into granulocyte and macrophage lineages, respectively. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), which is effective in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, can induce differentiation of other types of myeloid leukemia cells, and combined treatment with(More)
Key Words Liver cirrhosis type C · Low-dose pegylated interferon · Ribavirin · Low platelets · Low neutrophils · Avoiding splenic intervention · Low HCV titers Abstract Despite the recent progress in interferon (IFN) therapies for chronic hepatitis C, liver cirrhosis remains refractory. One of the major obstacles to successful IFN therapy is low platelet(More)
Earlier studies have demonstrated that an excitatory cardiovascular response can be produced through activation of a spinal cholinergic system in rats. The present study was performed to determine whether this excitatory cardiovascular response was elicited through cholinergic potentiation of a descending spinal sympathoexcitatory pathway. Application of(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between spinal cholinergic pressor neurons and a somatosympathetic reflex response in rats. Intrathecal (IT) injection of the cholinesterase inhibitor, neostigmine (NEO), produced marked pressor and tachycardic responses without any changes in respiratory parameters. On the other hand, stimulation of(More)
This study was performed to help elucidate the role of spinal cholinergic neurons in cardiorespiratory function by selective activation of spinal or medullary cholinergic systems in anesthetized rats. A selective site of action of cholinergic drugs on the spinal cord was obtained by refining the method of intrathecal (i.t.) drug injection to localize drug(More)
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