Hiromichi Minami

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β-Glucosidase from Kluyveromyces marxianus (KmBglI) belongs to the GH3 (glycoside hydrolase family 3). The enzyme is particularly unusual in that a PA14 domain (pf07691), for which a carbohydrate-binding role has been claimed, is inserted into the catalytic core sequence. In the present study, we determined the enzymatic properties and crystal structure of(More)
gamma-Glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT) catalyzes the hydrolysis of gamma-glutamyl compounds and the transfer of their gamma-glutamyl moieties to amino acids and peptides. The transpeptidation activity of Bacillus subtilis GGT is about 10-fold higher than its hydrolysis activity. In B. subtilis GGT, substitution of Asp-445 with Ala abolished its transpeptidation(More)
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, such as the analgesic compounds morphine and codeine, and the antibacterial agents berberine, palmatine, and magnoflorine, are synthesized from tyrosine in the Papaveraceae, Berberidaceae, Ranunculaceae, Magnoliaceae, and many other plant families. It is difficult to produce alkaloids on a large scale under the strict control(More)
The secondary metabolites of higher plants include diverse chemicals, such as alkaloids, isoprenoids and phenolic compounds (phenylpropanoids and flavonoids). Although these compounds are widely used in human health and nutrition, at present they are mainly obtained by extraction from plants and extraction yields are low because most of these metabolites(More)
An enzymatic method for synthesizing various gamma-D-glutamyl compounds efficiently and stereospecifically involving bacterial gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (EC 2.3.2.2) with D-glutamine as a gamma-glutamyl donor was developed. With D-glutamine as a gamma-glutamyl donor instead of L-glutamine in gamma-glutamyltaurine synthesis, by-products such as(More)
Sake is made from steamed rice, malted rice, and water. Sake production begins with the preparation of a small-scale starter (moto); the quality of moto significantly influences the flavor and richness of sake. In the traditional starter, yamahai-moto, the growth of naturally occurring lactic acid bacteria represses the putrefactive micro-organisms, whereas(More)
Egg tropomyosins were prepared from four sea urchin species, Stronglyocentrotus intermedius, Anthocidaris crassispina, Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus and Pseudocentrotus depressus, and their molecular heterogeneity was investigated by electrophoresis and immunoblotting. The molecular heterogeneity of egg tropomyosins was species-specific, and two to four kinds(More)
Tetrahydropapaveroline (THP), a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid (BIA) found in diverse pharmaceutical compounds, is used as a starting material for the production of BIA. THP also has various neurobiological properties but is difficult to synthesize. Therefore, a simple method for THP production is desired. Recent studies have shown that microbes, especially(More)
Opiates such as morphine and codeine are mainly obtained by extraction from opium poppies. Fermentative opiate production in microbes has also been investigated, and complete biosynthesis of opiates from a simple carbon source has recently been accomplished in yeast. Here we demonstrate that Escherichia coli serves as an efficient, robust and flexible(More)
Effective enantiomeric separations of 1-benzyl-N-methyltetrahydroisoquinolines were achieved using commercially available Chiralcel OD-H and OJ-H columns. Online LC-CD analysis allowed for the establishment of a correlation between the absolute configuration of the separated enantiomers and their characteristic CD transitions. LC-MS combined with LC-CD(More)