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Haploidization of the genome in meiosis requires that chromosomes be sorted exclusively into pairs stabilized by synaptonemal complexes (SCs) and crossovers. This sorting and pairing is accompanied by active chromosome positioning in meiotic prophase in which telomeres cluster near the spindle pole to form the bouquet before dispersing around the nuclear(More)
During meiotic prophase, chromosomes display rapid movement, and their telomeres attach to the nuclear envelope and cluster to form a "chromosomal bouquet." Little is known about the roles of the chromosome movement and telomere clustering in this phase. In budding yeast, telomere clustering is promoted by a meiosis-specific, telomere-binding protein, Ndj1.(More)
Ovalbumin (OVA)-specific CD8+ T cells from the T cell receptor-transgenic line OT-I (OT-I cells) were injected into unirradiated transgenic RIP-mOVA mice, which express a membrane-bound form of OVA (mOVA) in the pancreatic islet beta cells and the renal proximal tubular cells. OT-I cells accumulated in the draining lymph nodes (LN) of the kidneys and(More)
The proto-oncogene bcl-2, isolated from the t(14;18) chromosomal breakpoint in follicular B-lymphoma, and a bcl-2-related gene bcl-x (ref. 4) prevent apoptotic cell death induced by various treatments. Although a mechanism has been proposed that involves Bcl-2 activity on reactive oxygen species (ROS), expression of Bcl-2 or Bcl-xL prevents cell death(More)
Information was sought on the features of epithelial cells in the murine thymic medulla. The expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules on medullary epithelium was defined by light microscopy with the aid of bone marrow chimeras and MHC-transgenic mice. A proportion of medullary epithelial cells was found to show conspicuously high(More)
To test whether unprimed CD8+ cells can recognize class I alloantigens presented selectively on non-bone marrow (BM)-derived cells, unprimed parental strain CD8+ cells were transferred to long-term parent-->F1 BM chimeras prepared with supralethal irradiation. Host class I expression in the chimeras was undetectable on BM-derived cells and, in spleen, was(More)
MutS homologues are highly conserved enzymes engaged in DNA mismatch repair (MMR), meiotic recombination and other DNA modifications. Genome sequencing projects have revealed that bacteria and plants possess a MutS homologue, MutS2. MutS2 lacks the mismatch-recognition domain of MutS, but contains an extra C-terminal region called the small MutS-related(More)
Oxidation of oxyhemoglobin by nitrite is characterized by the presence of a lag phase followed by the autocatalysis. In phosphate buffer, an asymmetric ESR signal is detected at g = 2.005 (hereafter referred to as the g = 2 radical) during the oxidation which is similar to that of the methemoglobin free radical generated from methemoglobin and H2O2.(More)
Long-term H-2-heterozygous a----(a x b)F1 bone marrow (BM) chimeras prepared with supralethal irradiation (1,300 rad) are devoid of Ia+ host BM-derived antigen-presenting cells (APC), but show quite strong host Ia expression in germinal centers, probably on follicular dendritic cells (a class of nonhemopoietic stromal cells). To examine whether Ia(More)
Tolerance of CD8+ cells was examined in parent-->F1 bone marrow chimeras (BMC) prepared with supralethal irradiation; host class I expression in the chimeras was limited to non-BM-derived cells. In terms of helper-independent proliferative responses in vitro and induction of graft-vs.-host disease on adoptive transfer, CD8+ cells from long-term chimeras(More)