Hiromichi Kiyokawa

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The cranial parasympathetic ganglia have been reported to paradoxically contain the sympathetic nerve marker, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), in addition to neurons expressing parasympathetic markers such as vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). However, the distribution of these molecules in the cranial ganglia of human(More)
CONCLUSION CD34-positive mesenchymal tissues are likely to play a critical role in the pattern formation of laryngeal and pharyngeal walls. In the ear, nose, and throat regions, a future clinical relevance may be found in their use for muscle repair and regeneration. OBJECTIVES CD34 is a well-known marker of progenitor cells of blood vessels and stromal(More)
Sound presented to the contralateral ear suppresses the amplitude of the 40-Hz auditory steady-state response (ASSR). The frequency characteristics of this suppression of the 40-Hz ASSR for amplitude modulated (AM) tones at 1,000 Hz (79-dB SPL) were examined in 12 healthy volunteers (10 males and 2 females, mean age 32.3 years) using contralateral AM tones(More)
OBJECTIVE Early diagnosis and treatment of hearing disorders in neonates is highly effective for realization of linguistic competence and intellectual development. To objectively and quickly evaluate the dynamic characteristics of the middle ear, a sweep frequency impedance (SFI) meter was developed, which allowed the diagnosis of middle-ear dysfunctions in(More)
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