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PURPOSE Regulatory T cells (T regs) can inhibit immune responses mediated by T cells. It has been shown that there is an increased proportion of T regs in several different human malignancies, although the actual mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the prevalence of CD4(+)CD25high T regs in PBMCs from patients with gastric and(More)
PURPOSE It is well known that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and, to a lesser extent, peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with advanced-stage cancer have a poor immune response. Regulatory T cells (T-regs), characterized by coexpression of CD4 and CD25 markers, can inhibit the immune response mediated by CD4+/CD25- and CD8+ T cells. In the(More)
BACKGROUND Regulatory T-cells (T-regs) can inhibit the immune response mediated by T-cells. There is an increasing evidence that there is an increased proportion of T-regs in PBLs and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in several different human malignancies, although the mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we evaluated the prevalence of(More)
Atlantoaxial subluxation has been treated conventionally by Gallie posterior fusion. This technique, however, has disadvantages such as the frequent occurrence of pseudarthrosis, a high probability of relapse, and the necessity of long-standing strict external fixation until bone fusion. To overcome these problems, posterior occipitoatlantoaxial fusion was(More)
The usefulness of the recently developed Ranawat and Redlund-Johnell craniometric methods was compared with that of the conventional McGregor method for diagnosing vertical settling (VS) of the skull and the atlas on the axis in 209 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Statistical analysis of the values obtained from roentgenograms revealed close(More)
Upper cervical spine was examined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and conventional roentgenograms in 55 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. The MRI findings were compared with various values determined in roentgenograms: the atlanto-dental interval (ADI), the space available for the spinal cord (SAC), and the Ranawat and Redlund-Johnell values. In(More)
We report a case of typical fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) in a 16-year-old Japanese boy. This is very rare malignancy in Japan. The patient was referred for investigation of a large hepatic tumor and the results of tests for hepatitis B virus surface antigen and hepatitis C virus antibody were negative. Liver function test results and(More)
This study of 28 CLAWN miniature pigs (male 17, female 11, mean weight 29 kg) was undertaken to investigate the coronary arterial branching patterns and the ischemic area induced by surgical occlusion of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and change in the ischemic area over time. These results were compared with those in dogs, which have frequently(More)
Gastrointestinal duplication is a congenital rare disease. Duplication cyst of the stomach with pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium is extremely rare. A 44-year-old Japanese woman visited University of Yamanashi Hospital for evaluation of an abnormal tumor detected by abdominal ultrasonography at an annual general health examination. Abdominal(More)