Learn More
BACKGROUND Hospital-acquired bloodstream infections (BSIs) are significant causes of mortality, and strategies to improve outcomes are needed. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of a multidisciplinary infection control team (ICT) approach to the initial treatment of patients with hospital-acquired BSI. METHODS A before-after quasiexperimental(More)
Erythromycin (EM) has attracted attention because of its anti-inflammatory effect. Because dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent APCs involved in numerous pathologic processes including innate immunity, we examined effects of EM on the activation of human DCs by pathogen-derived stimuli. Monocyte-derived DCs were pretreated with EM and subsequently(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a life-threatening oncological emergency, and control of serum uric acid level (S-UA) is most important. In this single-institution, short-term and pilot prospective study, the efficacy of a new xanthine oxidase inhibitor, febuxostat, as an alternative to conventional allopurinol, including its effects on(More)
Cytarabine (ara-C) is the key agent for treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML). After being transported into leukemic cells by human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1), ara-C is phosphorylated to ara-C triphosphate (ara-CTP), an active metabolite, and then incorporated into DNA, thereby inhibiting DNA synthesis. Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) and(More)
Leukocytosis in tobacco smokers has been well recognized; however, the exact cause has not been elucidated. To test the hypothesis that tobacco nicotine stimulates neutrophils in the respiratory tract to produce IL-8, which causes neutrophilia in vivo, we examined whether nicotine induces neutrophil-IL-8 production in vitro; the causative role of NF-kappaB(More)
BACKGROUND Latex agglutination assay for detection of circulating Candida antigen (Cand-Tec, Ramco Laboratories), which is now commercially available, provides a rapid and simple means for the diagnosis and management of deep-seated Candida infections. MATERIAL/METHODS The Cand-Tec microtiter system (Cand-Tec MT, Ramco Japan), new latex agglutination(More)
Minocycline, which is a member of the broad-spectrum bacteriostatic tetracycline antibiotics group, has also recently been shown to have additional effects that are separate from their antimicrobial function; however, the detailed mechanisms involved remain unknown. We examined the effects of minocycline on cytokine and chemokine production and the(More)
A 77-year-old man treated with prednisolone for pemphigus developed severe sepsis by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Several antibiotics were administered. A peripheral blood smear showed growth of a large number of yeast extending pseudohyphae which could be seen both inside and outside of leucocytes. Antifungal(More)
Human plasmacytoid or CD4(+)CD11c(-) type 2 dendritic cell precursors (PDC) were identified as natural type I interferon (IFN)-producing cells in response to viral and bacterial infection. They represent effector cells of innate immunity and link it to the distinct adaptive immunity by differentiating into mature DC. It has been reported that(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The present retrospective study was conducted to measure Wilms' tumor-1 (WT1) mRNA levels in the peripheral blood of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in order to examine any association with the clinical outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 58 AML patients were evaluated retrospectively in our institution. WT1 transcripts(More)