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1. Serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is considered to be a potent marker of vascular endothelial injury. The present study was designed to examine serum HGF levels in atrial fibrillation and after successful direct current (DC) cardioversion. 2. We measured serum HGF levels before and 7 days and 1 month after DC cardioversion in 39 patients with atrial(More)
Numerous chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) biomarkers have been identified in limited, single-institution studies without validation. We hypothesized that plasma-derived biomarkers could diagnose, classify, and evaluate response in children with cGVHD. We performed a concomitant analysis of a number of known and predicted peripheral blood cGVHD(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Assessment of left atrial appendage (LAA) function with transesophageal echocardiography is useful for detecting patients at high risk for thromboembolism as a result of atrial fibrillation (AF). A recent study reported that the atrium is the main source of brain natriuretic polypeptide (BNP) in AF patients without overt heart(More)
Pompe disease (glycogen storage disease type II) is an autosomal recessive myopathic disorder arising from the deficiency of lysosomal acid α-glucosidase (GAA). Activation of autophagy is a key pathophysiological feature in skeletal muscle fibers and fibroblasts from patients with Pompe disease. The accumulation of autophagic vacuoles has been shown to(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that proinflammatory cytokines induce large amounts of nitric oxide (NO) and that the amount increases in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). There are, however, few reports regarding the relationships between NO production, cytokines and the severity of heart failure, so the plasma concentrations of nitrite and(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), or Hunter syndrome, is a lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency of iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS) and is characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). MPS II has been treated by hematopoietic stem cell therapy (HSCT)/enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), but its effectiveness in the central(More)
B cells appear to play a role in chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) as shown in murine models and the success of anti-CD20 B cell antibody treatment in humans. Recent studies have shown that immunostimulatory microbial CpG-DNA splenic responses were enhanced in murine GVHD. We hypothesized that CpG-induced B cell responses are increased in human(More)
Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common paediatric malignancy and, although current therapy is widely effective, relapse remains a significant clinical problem for which new treatment strategies are required. The ligation of Toll-like receptors (TLR) on antigen-presenting cells stimulates the generation of strong T-cell helper type 1 (Th1)(More)
BACKGROUND Messenger RNA of brain natriuretic polypeptide (BNP) is detected in both the atrium and the ventricle in vitro. Clinical usefulness has been shown in assessment of BNP level in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy; however, few studies have reported the role of the atrium and ventricle separately in the secretion of BNP from the(More)