Hiromi Rakugi

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The essence of Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension (JSH 2000) was introduced. JSH 2004 is a revised edition of JSH 2000. In JSH 2004, the significance of lifestyle modification is also emphasized as the basic treatment of hypertension, in which salt intake per day is reduced to below 6g/day. In drug therapy, Ca(More)
The homozygous deletion allele of the angiotensin converting enzyme gene (ACE/DD), homozygous threonine allele of the angiotensinogen gene (AGN/TT), and the epsilon4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (apoE/epsilon4) are reported to be associated with ischemic heart disease. Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is another atherosclerotic disease; and the effects(More)
Recent studies suggest that vascular risk factors play a considerable role in the development of Alzheimer disease. Furthermore, the use of antihypertensive drugs has been suggested to reduce the incidence of dementia, including Alzheimer disease. In this study, we examined the effects of an angiotensin receptor blocker, olmesartan, on beta-amyloid-induced(More)
Adiponectin is one of the key molecules in the metabolic syndrome, and its concentration is decreased in obesity, type-2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Genetic investigation has revealed that 2 polymorphisms (I164T and G276T) are related to adiponectin concentration and diabetes. To examine whether adiponectin affects hypertension genetically or(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE In Japanese populations, we performed a replication study of genetic loci previously identified in European-descent populations as being associated with lipid levels and risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS We genotyped 48 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 22 candidate loci that had previously been identified by(More)
UNLABELLED Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified genetic variants contributing to the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at the chromosome 9p21 locus. The CVD-associated region is adjacent to the two cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKN)2A and 2B and the last exons of the non-coding RNA, ANRIL. It is still not clear which of or how(More)
Regnase-1 (also known as Zc3h12a and MCPIP1) is an RNase that destabilizes a set of mRNAs, including Il6 and Il12b, through cleavage of their 3' UTRs. Although Regnase-1 inactivation leads to development of an autoimmune disease characterized by T cell activation and hyperimmunoglobulinemia in mice, the mechanism of Regnase-1-mediated immune regulation has(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined the association of mutations in adiponectin gene with the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Coronary artery disease is a major cause of mortality in the industrial countries. Adiponectin gene locus, chromosome 3q27, is the candidate site for CAD. We have reported that adiponectin has antiatherogenic and(More)
In this prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded end point study, we aimed to establish whether strict blood pressure control (<140 mm Hg) is superior to moderate blood pressure control (> or =140 mm Hg to <150 mm Hg) in reducing cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in elderly patients with isolated systolic hypertension. We divided 3260 patients aged(More)
Adiponectin is emerging as an important molecule in obesity, the metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease. On the other hand, smoking habit is well known to be related to cardiovascular disease and hypertension. To examine the association between adiponectin concentration and smoking habit, we performed an epidemiological survey and an acute exposure(More)