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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. However, direct evidence of oxidative stress generation in the human failing myocardium has not been obtained. Furthermore, the effect of carvedilol, a vasodilating beta-blocker with antioxidant activity, on oxidative stress in human failing hearts has not been assessed.(More)
In chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), stenoses or obstructions of the pulmonary arteries due to organized thrombi can cause an elevation in pulmonary artery resistance, which in turn can result in pulmonary hypertension. CTEPH can be cured surgically by pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA); however, patients deemed unsuitable for PEA due to(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) is associated with proliferation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in small pulmonary arteries. There is no therapy that specifically inhibits SMC proliferation. Recent studies reported that prednisolone (PSL) inhibits the postangioplasty proliferation of SMCs in atherosclerotic arteries. In this(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in the failing myocardium, and ROS cause hypertrophy, apoptosis/cell death and intracellular Ca(2+) overload in cardiac myocytes. ROS also cause damage to lipid cell membranes in the process of lipid peroxidation. In this process, several(More)
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) has been increasingly recognized as a common source of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary hypertension. It is clear that development of pulmonary thromboemboli is the inciting event for this process, yet it remains unclear why some patients have persistent pulmonary artery occlusion(More)
The long-acting beraprost preparation TRK-100STP is formulated to provide sustained release of an orally active prostacyclin derivative to maintain the optimal plasma concentration for a longer period of time compared with the currently used conventional beraprost sodium. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of this newly developed formulation(More)
We herein report a case of peripheral type chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension treated with medical therapy and subsequent balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA). After a series of BPA procedures, the patient's hemodynamics almost completely normalized. The patient was later diagnosed with lung carcinoma, and the vasculature of the resected lung(More)
P ulmonary arterial hypertension, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis are included in the same group (group 1) of clinical classification of pulmonary hypertension. 1 Histological changes in the small pulmonary arteries (ie, intimal fibrosis and medial hypertrophy) are similar in these 3 diseases, and clinical(More)
Two similar rare cases of recurrent ampulla (takotsubo) cardiomyopathy, which was induced by physical stress of recurrent rhabdomyolysis in case 1 and aggravation of respiratory disease in case 2, are presented. At the initial admission, both patients had typical ampulla cardiomyopathy, which was indicated by transient left ventricular (LV) apical(More)
The release of endogenous prostacyclin (PGI2) is depressed in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PGI2 replacement therapy by epoprostenol infusion is one of the best treatments available for PAH. Here, we provide an overview of the current clinical data for epoprostenol. Epoprostenol treatment improves symptoms, exercise capacity, and(More)