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Conditions have been optimized for the use of a multiplex PCR for the detection of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in nosocomial surveillance specimens. Seven primer sets targeting the genes vanA, vanB, vanC1, vanC2/C3 Enterococcus faecalis-specific, Enterococcus faecium-specific, and rrs (16S rRNA) were used in one reaction tube. The PCR method developed(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the oncologic safety of laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU), we compared the long-term oncologic outcome of LNU versus open nephroureterectomy (ONU) in patients with upper tract transitional cell carcinoma. METHODS A total of 367 nephroureterectomy procedures were performed at our institutes for upper tract transitional cell(More)
The overexpression of reduced expression in immortalized cells (REIC)/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3), a tumor suppressor gene, induced apoptosis in human prostatic and testicular cancer cells. The aim of this study is to examine the potential of REIC/Dkk-3 as a therapeutic target against breast cancer. First, the in vitro apoptotic effect of Ad-REIC treatment was(More)
Cranberry, which is rich in polyphenols, including anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins, has been found to have various effects beneficial to human health, including prevention of urinary tract infections. These effects have been associated with polyphenols in the fruit. We investigated the excretion of anthocyanins in human urine after ingestion of cranberry(More)
Expression of virulence-related extracellular proteases, gelatinase, and serine protease of Enterococcus faecalis is regulated by a quorum-sensing system encoded by the fsr gene cluster. In this study, a 23.9-kb chromosomal deletion containing the fsr gene cluster region was found to be present in the majority (79%) of gelatinase-negative clinical isolates(More)
Alteration in genes which takes place during malignant conversion and progression could be potential targets for gene therapy. We previously identified REIC/Dkk-3 as a gene whose expression is reduced in many human cancers. Here, we showed that expression of REIC/Dkk-3 was consistently reduced in human prostate cancer tissues in a stage-dependent manner.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of intravesical application of adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) on bladder activity to elucidate the role of urothelial barrier function and ecto-ATPase activity in the ATP-mediated mechanism inducing detrusor overactivity. METHODS Continuous cystometry by an intravesical catheter inserted from the bladder dome was(More)
BACKGROUND We compared the clinical results of orthotopic neobladder reconstruction in elderly patients and those in younger patients retrospectively in order to verify whether age is a critical factor in selecting a method of urinary diversion. METHODS Following radical cystectomy for bladder cancer, 12 patients aged 75 or older and 17 patients under 75(More)
We explored the effectiveness of loxoprofen sodium (loxoprofen), which is the most common non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) in Japan, for patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) complaining of nocturia. A total of 93 BPH patients aged 49-84 years were enrolled in the study. These patients had received standard drug therapy with(More)