Hiromi Koma

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Secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2s) are small secreted proteins (14–18 kDa) and require submillimolar levels of Ca2+ for liberating arachidonic acid from cell membrane lipids. In addition to the enzymatic function, sPLA2 can exert various biological responses by binding to specific receptors. Physiologically, sPLA2s play important roles on the(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COXs) oxidize arachidonic acid to prostaglandin (PG) G2 and H2 followed by PG synthases that generates PGs and thromboxane (TX) A2. COXs are divided into COX-1 and COX-2. In the central nervous system, COX-1 is constitutively expressed in neurons, astrocytes, and microglial cells. COX-2 is upregulated in these cells under pathophysiological(More)
14-3-3 proteins are intracellularly expressed as ubiquitous adaptor proteins. Here, we found localization of 14-3-3δ/ξ on the neuronal cell surface. 14-3-3δ/ξ was identified as a membrane target for 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2). 15d-PGJ2 is a pathological mediator of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). A causative(More)
Neuron-specific enolase (NSE) is not only a glycolytic enzyme in the cytosol, but also localized in the synaptic plasma membrane. The plasmalemmal NSE is one of autoantigen targets in post-streptococcal autoimmune central nervous system disease. Although anti-neuronal antibodies in patients bind to a restricted group of NSE in cerebral cortex, it has not(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is chemoresistant cancer. Although several clinical trials were conducted to explore effective medications, the chemoresistance of RCC has not yet been conquered. An endogenous ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ), 15-deoxy-Δ(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)), induces apoptosis in RCC. Here, we(More)
15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) induces neuronal cell death via apoptosis independently of its receptors. 15d-PGJ2 inhibits growth factor-induced cell proliferation of primary astrocytes via down-regulating phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway. Although 15d-PGJ2-reduced cell viability is accompanied with attenuation of the PI3K signaling(More)
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) appear to have no connection with cancers. In the view of cell death, however, common ground can be found between neuronal and non-neuronal diseases [1]. AD and PD are ascribed to the cell death of neurons, which should be alive under healthy conditions. In contrast,(More)
An endogenous anticancer agent, 15-deoxy -Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) induces apoptosis in the chemoresistant renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear receptor for 15d-PGJ2, and mediates the cytotoxicity of 15d-PGJ2 in many cancerous cells. However, 15d-PGJ2 induces apoptosis independently of PPARγ(More)
Prostaglandins (PGs) are divided into conventional PGs, e.g., PGD2, and cyclopentenone-type PGs, e.g., 15-deoxy-Δ12,14 prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2). PGD2 is non-enzymatically metabolized to PGJ2, Δ12-PGJ2, and 15d-PGJ2. In the central nervous system, 15d-PGJ2 differentiates embryonic midbrain cells into dopaminergic neuronal cells via its nuclear peroxysome(More)
Heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) is not only a molecular chaperone in cytosol, but also presents in synaptic plasma membranes. To detect plasmalemmal Hsp70 (pl-Hsp70), neurons were immunostained with anti-Hsp70 antibody without permeabilization and fixation. Dotted immunofluorescent signals at neuronal cell bodies and neurites indicated the localization of(More)
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