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Post-translational modification, cleavage and processing of circulating hormones are common themes in the control of hormone activities. Full-length ghrelin is a 28 amino acid protein that exists in several modified and processed forms, including addition of an acyl moiety at the third serine of the N-terminus. When modified with octanoic acid, the first(More)
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is a major phospholipid of mitochondria, comprising 40-50% of both the outer and the inner membranes. However, PC must be imported from its production organelles because mitochondria lack the enzymes essential for PC biosynthesis. In a previous study, we found that StarD7 mediates the intracellular transfer of PC to mitochondria.(More)
The rate-limiting step in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) synthesis by the CDP-ethanolamine pathway is the second step, which is catalyzed by CTP:phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase (ET). The rate-limiting step for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis by the CDP-choline pathway is also the second step, which is catalyzed by CTP:phosphocholine(More)
PURPOSE To elucidate the relation between a quantitative measure of the shape of the left ventricular cavity, cardiac function, and prognosis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). METHODS The hearts of 20 healthy individuals and 18 patients with DCM were evaluated. Participants were aged 48.5 ± 5.0 years. On the basis of end-systolic four-chamber(More)
Pcyt2 (CTP:phosphoethanolamine cytidylyltransferase) is the rate-limiting enzyme in mammalian PE (phosphatidylethanolamine) biosynthesis. Previously, we reported that Pcyt2 mRNA levels increased in several types of cells after serum starvation, an effect that could be suppressed by supplementation with low-density lipoprotein or 25-HC(More)
PC is made via the CDP-choline pathway, in which CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase alpha (CTalpha), encoded by Pcyt1a, is the rate-limiting enzyme whose mRNA expression is strictly regulated. Previously, we reported that Ets1 enhanced and Net repressed CTalpha transcription by binding at the Ets binding site (-49/-47) in the Pcyt1a promoter. In this(More)
Acyl-CoA thioesterase 12 (ACOT12) is the major enzyme known to hydrolyze the thioester bond of acetyl-CoA in the cytosol in the liver. ACOT12 contains a catalytic thioesterase domain at the N terminus and a steroidogenic acute regulatory protein-related lipid transfer (START) domain at the C terminus. We investigated the effects of lipids (phospholipids,(More)
In a previous study we purified a novel lysoPLD (lysophospholipase D) which converts LPC (lysophosphatidylcholine) into a bioactive phospholipid, LPA (lysophosphatidic acid), from the rat brain. In the present study, we identified the purified 42 and 35 kDa proteins as the heterotrimeric G protein subunits Gα(q) and Gβ(1) respectively. When FLAG-tagged(More)
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