Hiromasa Yoshie

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BACKGROUND Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is a fraction of plasma, in which platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are thought to be concentrated. It is plausible that topically-applied PRP up-regulates cellular activity and subsequently promotes periodontal regeneration in vivo. However, the concentrations of these(More)
We have investigated the association of the recently identified IL6R polymorphisms with the serum levels of soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R). sIL-6R is generated by shedding of the membrane-bound receptor (IL-6Ralpha) or alternative mRNA splicing. In total, 115 healthy volunteers were genotyped, with 70 of them analyzed for sIL-6R levels. Using the PCR/RFLP(More)
BACKGROUND The pathobiology of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is similar to that of periodontitis in that the immunoglobulin G Fc receptor (FcgammaR) and proinflammatory cytokines play an important role. Genetic variations of FcgammaR and interleukin (IL)-1 are associated with susceptibility to both diseases. Therefore, we evaluated whether the(More)
Gingival fibroblasts produce proinflammatory cytokines in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from periodontopathic bacteria. Recently it has become evident that the human homologue of Drosophila Toll can transduce intracellular signaling by LPS stimulation. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been identified in myeloid cells; however, their role in nonmyeloid(More)
Previous reports have shown expression of immunoreactivity for periostin, originally identified as osteoblast-specific factor-2, in the periosteum and periodontal ligament. However, the developmental changes in its expression and the detailed immunolocalization have remained veiled. The present study was undertaken to examine the spatiotemporal expression(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte Fc receptors for immunoglobulin G (FcgammaR) play a major role in the handling of immune complexes and pathogens in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and periodontitis. Both diseases have been shown to be partly influenced by genetic components including FcgammaR genotype. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate whether(More)
The aim of the present study was to analyze the levels of osteocalcin, deoxypyridinoline (Dpd) and interleukin-1beta as markers of bone metabolism in peri-implant crevicular fluid (PICF) from peri-implantitis patients. PICF was sampled from a total of 34 endosseous titanium implants from 16 patients; nine females (mean age 52.8, range 40-62 years) and seven(More)
In our previous study, we demonstrated that porcine enamel matrix derivative (EMD) induces p21WAF1/cip1 within 8 hours and subsequently arrests the cell cycle of human oral epithelial cells in G1 phase. In contrast, EMD markedly stimulates the proliferation of gingival fibroblasts without inducing p21WAF1/cip1. To investigate the mechanism of how EMD(More)
BACKGROUND Functional polymorphisms of immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc receptors IIIa and IIIb (FcgammaRIIIa and FcgammaRIIIb) have been shown as risk factors for periodontitis. The aim of this study is to examine whether FcgammaRIIa polymorphism is associated with a disease risk as well. METHODS Baseline periodontal and general health examinations were carried(More)
BACKGROUND Functional polymorphisms of immunoglobulin G (IgG) Fc receptors (Fc gamma R) have been shown to be associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) or recurrence of chronic periodontitis (CP) in Japanese patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether Fc gamma R polymorphisms are also associated with severity of CP. (More)