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A deviation in the acoustic environment activates an automatic change-detection system based on a memory mechanism that builds a neural trace representing the preceding sounds. The present study revealed that the auditory-cortex mechanisms underlying this sensory memory integrate acoustic events over time, producing a perception of a unitary auditory event.(More)
A prospective multicenter trial of 119 children 1 to 18 years of age with newly diagnosed aplastic anemia (AA) was conducted, comparing treatment using antithymocyte globulin (ATG), cyclosporine (CyA), and danazol (DAN) with or without rhG-CSF (400 microg/m(2), day on days 1-90). All children with very severe AA received rhG-CSF (VSAA group, n = 50). The(More)
The central auditory system for event perception involves the integrating mechanism of sequential information addressed by the present study. The mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the event-related potentials (ERP) reflects the automatic detection of sound change. ERPs to occasionally omitted stimuli were measured when sequences with constant stimulus(More)
AIM To examine the long term effect of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) on ovarian function in girls. METHODS Eighteen girls who underwent BMT before menarche, had been disease free for more than six years, and were over 14 years of age at the time of study were investigated. The preparative regimen consisted of irradiation and chemotherapy. The(More)
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by genome instability, increased cancer susceptibility, progressive bone marrow failure (BMF), and various developmental abnormalities resulting from the defective FA pathway. FA is caused by mutations in genes that mediate repair processes of interstrand crosslinks and/or DNA adducts generated by(More)
A second SCT is generally accepted as the only potentially curative approach for ALL patients that relapse after SCT, but the role of second SCT for pediatric ALL is not fully understood. We performed a retrospective analysis of 171 pediatric patients who received a second allo-SCT for relapsed ALL after allo-SCT. OS at 2 years was 29.4 ± 3.7%, the(More)
We report the discovery of nuclear inclusions in the osteoclasts of three unrelated patients with benign osteopetrosis that resemble the osteoclast inclusions characteristic of Paget's disease of bone. These inclusions are morphologically and dimensionally identical to the nucleocapsids of a virus of the Paramyxoviridae family. Supporting a possible viral(More)
We conducted a prospective multicenter study to compare the efficacy of repeated immunosuppressive therapy (IST) with stem-cell transplantation (SCT) from an alternative donor in children with acquired aplastic anemia (AA) who failed to respond to an initial course of IST. Patients with severe (n = 86) and very severe disease (n = 119) received initial IST(More)
Acute effects of ethanol (0.55 g/kg) and the opioid antagonist naltrexone (50 mg) on auditory event-related brain potentials (ERP) (i.e., electrical brain activity time-locked to sensory stimuli) were investigated in 13 healthy social drinkers, using a double-blind, placebo-controlled, design. The subjects' task was to attend to tones presented to a(More)
Spindle cell lipoma (SCL) is a relatively rare adipocytic neoplasm and is histologically characterized by a mixture of uniform spindle cells and mature fat cells. It occurs predominantly in male patients aged 45-65 years, and in most cases it arises in the subcutaneous tissue of the neck or shoulder. Although the neoplasm sometimes affects unusual sites,(More)