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Bile acids play an essential role in the solubilization and absorption of dietary fat and lipid-soluble vitamins. Bile acids also modulate the transcription of various genes for enzymes and transport proteins for their own and cholesterol homeostasis through binding to nuclear receptors. Here we report a novel category of bile acid receptor, a membrane-type(More)
While pharmacological and physiological studies in rats are now increasing, physiological properties of their defecation have been scarcely investigated. This study was performed to define the properties of defecation in decerebrate rats, with special reference to the pontine defecation reflex center, which has been postulated in dogs. Intraluminal pressure(More)
A sensitive and selective method for the determination of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) concentrations in rat plasma was developed using high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). An aliquot of plasma (50 microl) was mixed with the solution of internal standard, hydrofluorothiazide (HFTZ), and extracted(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of 6-carboxy-2-isopropylamino-5,7-diarylcyclopenteno[1,2-b]pyridine class of ET(A) receptor selective antagonists were described. These derivatives were prepared from the optically active key intermediates (3, 4, 10, and 13). Optimization of the substituent at the 2-position of the bottom 4-methoxyphenyl(More)
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