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BACKGROUND/AIMS Vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonists have recently been identified as potent immunomodulators capable of inhibiting Th1-mediated immune response, leading us to consider the hypothesis that functional VDR polymorphisms might contribute to enhanced risk for developing primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a Th1-mediated autoimmune disease. In the(More)
AIM   Liver dysfunction is not rare in patients with collagen disease. We sought to elucidate the clinical features of liver dysfunction in the presence of collagen disease. METHODS   We analyzed the frequency and causes of liver dysfunction in 607 patients (rheumatoid arthritis [RA], n = 220; systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE], n = 164; systemic(More)
AIM Treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) improves the survival of stage I and II primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients. However, new therapeutic options are needed for patients who are refractory to UDCA and for those whose disease is at an advanced stage. Bezafibrate could be useful in PBC treatment, since it increases phospholipid output into the(More)
A 23-year-old man was admitted to our department due to hemorrhage from gastric varices. He had been diagnosed as having Wilson's disease at the age of 17. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) showed portal thrombosis and a large mass occupying most of the right lobe in the liver. The tumor was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
PURPOSE To determine the feasibility, safety and histological change of preoperative endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle injection (PEU-FNI) of immature DCs (iDCs) with OK-432 in pancreatic cancer patients. METHODS Nine patients enrolled in the trial (DC group) and were compared with 15 patients operated on without iDC injection (non-DC group).(More)
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has significantly improved our understanding of the complex vascular structural changes that occur in portal hypertension and their clinical and prognostic significance. EUS in combination with color Doppler technique enables us to study the hemodynamic changes in the portal venous system noninvasively, and to determine(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to define the clinical features of liver dysfunction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS The frequency and causes of liver dysfunction were examined in 206 patients with SLE. RESULTS Liver dysfunction was evident in 123 (59.7%) of the 206 patients. Liver dysfunction in patients with SLE can be drug-induced(More)
Reactivation of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in patients undergoing chemotherapy is well-documented, but reactivation during imatinib mesylate treatment has not been reported. This study reports a 54-year-old man, without prior liver dysfunction but with chronic HBV infection, in whom fatal HBV reactivation occurred during treatment of chronic(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)