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BACKGROUND/AIMS Vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonists have recently been identified as potent immunomodulators capable of inhibiting Th1-mediated immune response, leading us to consider the hypothesis that functional VDR polymorphisms might contribute to enhanced risk for developing primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a Th1-mediated autoimmune disease. In the(More)
AIM Treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) improves the survival of stage I and II primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) patients. However, new therapeutic options are needed for patients who are refractory to UDCA and for those whose disease is at an advanced stage. Bezafibrate could be useful in PBC treatment, since it increases phospholipid output into the(More)
We report a case of a gastric bronchogenic cyst diagnosed via endosonographically guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy. A 60-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) examination because of a gastric subepithelial lesion detected by upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. EUS examination revealed a lesion that(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
AIM   Liver dysfunction is not rare in patients with collagen disease. We sought to elucidate the clinical features of liver dysfunction in the presence of collagen disease. METHODS   We analyzed the frequency and causes of liver dysfunction in 607 patients (rheumatoid arthritis [RA], n = 220; systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE], n = 164; systemic(More)
Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) has significantly improved our understanding of the complex vascular structural changes that occur in portal hypertension and their clinical and prognostic significance. EUS in combination with color Doppler technique enables us to study the hemodynamic changes in the portal venous system noninvasively, and to determine(More)
A 23-year-old man was admitted to our department due to hemorrhage from gastric varices. He had been diagnosed as having Wilson's disease at the age of 17. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) showed portal thrombosis and a large mass occupying most of the right lobe in the liver. The tumor was diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)(More)
AIMS   Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may simultaneously coexist in some patients, designated as PBC-AIH overlap syndrome. Previous studies suggest that combination therapy of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and corticosteroids may be effective. In the current study, we aimed to describe clinical features of these cases and to(More)
A 46-year-old woman was diagnosed with palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) at the Department of Dermatology, Fukushima Medical University Hospital in 2000, and was treated with ointment. However, because liver dysfunction developed in 2003, she was referred to our department, where primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) was also diagnosed on the basis of clinical(More)
Interactions between leukocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells are known to be involved in the pathogenesis of acute liver injury. Various adhesion molecules and chemokines play key roles in these cell-to-cell interactions, and the expression of these adhesion molecules and the production of chemokines are regulated by inflammatory cytokines such as tumor(More)