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The purpose of this study was to compare three-dimensional (3D) kinematic measurements from single-plane radiographic projections using bone models created from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). MRI is attractive because there is no ionizing radiation, but geometric field distortion and poor bone contrast degrade model fidelity(More)
Dynamic knee kinematics were analyzed for normal knees in three activities, including two different types of maximum knee flexion. Continuous X-ray images of kneel, squat, and stair climb motions were taken using a large flat panel detector. CT-derived bone models were used for model registration-based 3D kinematic measurement. Three-dimensional joint(More)
Simulation of the femoral cut for total knee arthroplasty was performed in 44 knees using three-dimensional computed tomography. The three-dimensional images were measured, and the shape of the femur was compared to the provided femoral prosthesis. The ratio between the medial-lateral and anteroposterior dimensions of the three-dimensional images did not(More)
Kneeling is an important function of the knee for many activities of daily living. In this study, we evaluated the in vivo kinematics of kneeling after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using radiographic based image-matching techniques. Kneeling from 90 to 120 degrees of knee flexion produced a posterior femoral rollback after both cruciate-retaining and(More)
The expectation of returning to sports activities after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become more important to patients than ever. To our knowledge, no studies have been published evaluating the three-dimensional knee joint kinematics during sports activity after TKA. Continuous X-ray images of the golf swing and stationary cycling were taken using a(More)
This study evaluated the changes in anteroposterior stability at flexion and extension following posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)-retaining and PCL-substituting total knee arthroplasty (TKA), in comparison with normal knees. Altogether, 29 knees of 24 patients underwent either PCL-retaining ( n = 19) or PCL-substituting ( n = 10) TKA. Anteroposterior(More)
PURPOSE Ewing's family tumors (EFTs) display the characteristic fusion gene EWS-Fli1. We have reported EWS-Fli1 may promote the cell cycle progression accompanied by the suppression of the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(kip1) in EFT cells. Here, we describe the prognostic and therapeutic relevance of p27 in EFTs. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN(More)
In total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following failed high tibial osteotomy, the mechanical axis does not intersect the center of the tibial component if the tibia has been resected perpendicular to the anatomical axis. Therefore, tibial resection referencing the predicted postoperative mechanical axis instead of the tibial shaft axis is advocated. To obtain(More)
This study evaluated the mid-term results of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following high tibial osteotomy (HTO), comparing posterior cruciate-retaining prostheses to posterior stabilized prostheses. The Knee Society score for the entire group (20 knees) improved significantly from 62 (median) preoperatively to 87 at the latest follow-up. The postoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Adenosine is an endogenous neuromodulator in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Adenosine inhibits pain signals by hyperpolarizing neuronal membrane. METHODS To clarify the effects of adenosine on pain signals, we tested intrathecal adenosine injection in two neuropathic pains (spinal cord compression and chronic constriction of(More)