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Yokukansan (TJ-54), a herbal medicine, has been used as a cure for insomnia and irritability in children. Yokukansan also improves behavioral and psychological symptoms such as agitation, aggression and irritability in patients with dementia including Alzheimer's disease, in which the glutamatergic neurotransmitter system is perturbed. However, the action(More)
The relationship between neuronal function in the brain and neuropsychological behavior were analyzed in young rats fed a zinc-deficient diet for 1-2 weeks. Serum zinc concentration was less than 50% of that of the control. However, zinc concentration in the hippocampal perfusate measured by the in vivo microdialysis was not decreased after 2-week zinc(More)
On the basis of the evidence that the excitability of hippocampal glutamatergic neurotransmitter system is enhanced by dietary zinc deficiency, the response of amygdalar neurotransmitter system was checked in young rats fed a zinc-deficient diet for 4 weeks. Extracellular zinc concentration in the amygdala, which was measured by the in vivo microdialysis,(More)
We examined the effects of oral administration of Clostridium butyricum miyairi on the catabolism and excretion of cholesterol in normal rats by using 14C-labeled cholesterol, and on plasma cholesterol levels in the rats and mice fed a high cholesterol diet. This bacterial treatment (about 10(7) cells/day) accelerated the cleavage of cholesterol side chain(More)
The hippocampus is thought to be an epileptic focus in human temporal lobe epilepsy. Kainate-induced seizures decrease zinc concentrations in the hippocampus, which is also decreased in young mice fed a zinc-deficient diet for 4 weeks, and is enhanced by zinc deficiency. To understand zinc movement in the brain in epileptic seizures, zinc concentrations in(More)
The extracellular concentration of glutamate in the hippocampus is increased by hippocampal perfusion with CaEDTA, a membrane-impermeable zinc chelator, suggesting that the activity of glutamatergic neurons in the hippocampus are influenced by the extracellular concentrations of zinc. In the present study, the relationship between the extracellular(More)
We studied the effects of i.v. administration of endotoxin (Escherichia coli, Serotype 0127:B8) on the kinetics of 111In-labelled platelets within the pulmonary, abdominal and splenic vascular beds of the rat, and on the radioactivity present in dissected samples of splenic and hepatic tissues. Bolus i.v. injection of endotoxin to anaesthetised rats caused(More)
The mechanism of the abnormal increase in extracellular glutamate concentration in the hippocampus induced with 100mM KCl in zinc deficiency is unknown. In the present study, the changes in glutamate release (exocytosis) and GLT-1, a glial glutamate transporter, expression were studied in young rats fed a zinc-deficient diet for 4 weeks. Exocytosis at mossy(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate platelet responsiveness in rats following E.coli endotoxin administration. Injection of E.coli to rats caused a reduction in ADP-induced pulmonary 111In labelled platelet accumulation four hours later. Similarly, when platelet aggregation was evaluated on PRP obtained from rats four hours after endotoxin(More)
On the basis of the evidence of the enhanced susceptibility to kainate-induced seizures in young rats fed a zinc-deficient diet for 4 weeks, the relationship between zinc release from hippocampal neuron terminals and seizure susceptibility was studied in young rats fed the zinc-deficient diet for 2 weeks. Timm's stain, with which histochemically reactive(More)