Hiromasa Goto

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OBJECTIVE Exogenous administration of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) or GLP-1 receptor agonists such as an exendin-4 has direct beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. However, their effects on atherosclerogenesis have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of GLP-1 on accumulation of monocytes/macrophages on the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between masked hypertension (MHT) and vascular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study subjects were patients with type 2 diabetes who were normotensive based on blood pressure (BP) measurement in the clinic (n = 80) without antihypertensive drugs and free of retinopathy,(More)
OBJECTIVE Mounting evidence indicates that the gut microbiota are an important modifier of obesity and diabetes. However, so far there is no information on gut microbiota and "live gut bacteria" in the systemic circulation of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using a sensitive reverse transcription-quantitative PCR(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of insulin receptor substrate-2 (IRS-2) mediated signal in macrophages on the accumulation of macrophages in the vascular wall. Mice transplanted with IRS-2(-/-) bone marrow, a model of myeloid cell restricted defect of IRS-2, showed accumulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1-expressing macrophages(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 is a hormone secreted by L cells of the small intestine and stimulates glucose-dependent insulin response. Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists such as exendin-4 are currently used in type 2 diabetes, and considered to have beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system. To further elucidate the effect of glucagon-like(More)
This is an uncopyedited electronic version of an article accepted for publication in Diabetes. The American Diabetes Association, publisher of Diabetes, is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it by third parties. The definitive publisher-authenticated version will be available in a future(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of insulin degludec used for basal-bolus insulin regimen after switching from twice-daily basal insulin in Japanese patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. The subjects were 22 type 1 diabetes patients treated with basal-bolus insulin regimen with twice-daily basal insulin. Basal insulin was switched to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The usefulness of low-carbohydrate diet (LCD) for Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has not been fully investigated. Therefore, we compared the effectiveness and safety of LCD with calorie restricted diet (CRD). METHODS This prospective, randomized, open-label, comparative study included 66 T2DM patients with HbA1c(More)
Iodine is beneficial against Graves' thyrotoxicosis, though its effects are short-lived. However, its long-term effectiveness as an initial therapy has not been fully elucidated. Here, we compared the effects of potassium iodine (KI) and methimazole (MMI) in Graves' thyrotoxicosis and on thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) levels. Between 2008 and 2011,(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency and sonographic and laboratory characteristics of Graves disease with intrathyroid hypovascularity in Japanese patients and to compare these characteristics in patients with painless thyroiditis. METHODS A total of 194 consecutive patients with Graves disease and 21 patients with painless(More)