Hiromasa Aoki

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The organization of actin into striated fibers (myofibrils) is one of the major features of cardiac hypertrophy. However, its signal transduction mechanism is not well understood. Although Rho-family small G proteins have been implicated in actin organization in many cell types, it is not fully elucidated whether Rho mediates the organization of actin(More)
Hypertrophy of mammalian cardiac muscle is mediated, in part, by angiotensin II through an angiotensin II type1a receptor (AT1aR)-dependent mechanism. To understand how the level of AT1aRs is altered in this pathological state, we studied the expression of an injected AT1aR promoter-luciferase reporter gene in adult rat hearts subjected to an acute pressure(More)
Although MAP (mitogen-activated protein) kinases are implicated in cell proliferation and differentiation in many cell types, the role of MAP kinases in cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. We examined the role of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAP kinase in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced(More)
Apoptosis has been implicated in ischemic heart disease, but its mechanism in cardiomyocytes has not been elucidated. In this study, we investigate the effects of hypoxia and reoxygenation in adult cardiomyocytes and the molecular mechanism involved in cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Morphologically, reoxygenation induced rounding up of the cells, appearance of(More)
c-Myc is one of the most potent regulators of cell cycle progression in higher eukaryotes. Down-regulation of c-Myc is a critical event for growth inhibition induced by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and is frequently impaired in cancer cells. We determined a Smad-responsive element in the c-myc promoter. This element is a complex of the(More)
Csx/Nkx2.5 is an evolutionarily conserved homeodomain (HD)-containing transcription factor that is essential for early cardiac development. We found that the HD of Csx/Nkx2.5 binds as a monomer as well as a dimer to its DNA binding sites in the promoter of the atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) gene, an in vivo target gene of Csx/Nkx2.5. Csx/Nkx2.5 physically(More)
An ATM-like gene was identified in the genome of Caenorhabditis elegans. The putative product of the gene, termed Ce-atl-1 (C. elegans ATM-like 1) consists of 2514 amino acid residues. The C-terminal sequence, which contains a PI-3 kinase-like domain, showed good homology with the products of the gene MEC1/ESR1 from budding yeast, the rad3 + gene of fission(More)
The helix-loop-helix (HLH) family of transcriptional regulatory proteins are key regulators in numerous developmental processes. The class I HLH proteins, such as E12 are ubiquitously expressed. Class II HLH proteins, such as MyoD, are expressed in a tissue-specific manner. Class I and II heterodimers can bind to E-boxes (CANNTG) and regulate lineage(More)
We have previously isolated and described an Escherichia coli ribosome-bound ATPase, RbbA, that is required for protein synthesis in the presence of ATP, GTP and the elongation factors, EF-Tu and EF-G. The gene encoding RbbA, yhih, has been cloned and the deduced protein sequence harbors two ATP-motifs and one RNA-binding motif and is homologous to the(More)
The hypertrophic response in cardiac myocytes and the mitogenic response in other cell types share various early cellular responses. However, how the subsequent cell growth response, such as cell cycle machinery, is regulated in cardiac hypertrophy is not understood. Using cultured neonatal rat cardiac myocytes, we examined the effect of angiotensin II (Ang(More)