Hiroko Uchida

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We investigated possible regulatory effects of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein, on cytokine release from macrophages. Immobilized TSP-1 enhanced IL-6 release from the human monocytic U937 cells stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate and LPS, whereas it inhibited IL-10 release. The 70-kDa fragment of TSP-1(More)
Vitamin A is essential for the visual system. It is metabolized in the retina and the resulting product, retinoic acid (RA), greatly affects the structure and functions of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. RPE cells produce a variety of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and angiogenic factors, both of which are expressed at varying levels in the(More)
PURPOSE To clarify the effect of the interaction between interleukin-6 (IL-6) and its soluble receptor (sIL-6R) on retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cell proliferation in proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). METHODS Concentrations of IL-6 and sIL-6R molecules in vitreous fluids were measured in eyes with PVR and idiopathic macular hole (MH), and the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been known as principal angiogenic factor in vasculogenesis, tumor angiogenesis and ocular angiogenesis. Currently, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been reported to play a major role in ocular angiogenesis. We studied distribution of both growth factors in angiogenic and non-angiogenic fibroproliferation to(More)
To investigate a role of thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein, in corneal epithelial wound healing, we analyzed the expression of TSP-1 in the normal and wounded mouse corneal epithelia and the effect of exogenous TSP-1 on the wound healing. In immunohistochemical analyses of unwounded corneas, TSP-1 was only detectable(More)
Piceatannol (3, 3', 4, 5'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. Previously, we demonstrated that piceatannol has acute vasorelaxant effects in rat thoracic aorta. It was suggested that endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) might be involved in piceatannol-induced acute vasorelaxation.(More)
PURPOSE Retinoic acid (RA) affects the activation of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) in a variety of cells. We have previously shown that thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) expression in retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is up-regulated by RA. Since TSP-1 activates TGF-beta1, we investigated whether RA stimulates the activation of TGF-beta1 through(More)
The effects of mexiletine on delayed afterdepolarization (DAD) and triggered activity (TA) were studied in the rabbit ventricular muscle using standard microelectrode techniques. First, three kinds of perfusate (modified Tyrode's solution, K+-free solution, and 1 mM K+ + 5.4 mM Ca2+ solution) were used to see whether DAD and TA could be induced by rapid(More)
Inflammation of the ocular surface influences the stability of tear fluid. Mild conjunctivitis is often associated with dry-eye patients. The effect of mild conjunctivitis complication on tear break-up time (BUT) in patients with dry eyes was investigated. A total of 93 patients with dry eyes, excluding those having moderate to severe conjunctivitis, atopic(More)
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