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PURPOSE A head-to-head comparison was performed between vascular endothelial growth factor blockade and laser for treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN Two similarly designed, double-masked, randomized, phase 3 trials, VISTA(DME) and VIVID(DME). PARTICIPANTS We included 872 patients (eyes) with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus who presented(More)
We identified a novel human long fatty acyl CoA synthetase 2 gene, ACS2, as a new ETV6 fusion partner gene in a recurrent t(5;12)(q31;p13) translocation in a patient with refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB) with basophilia, a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) with eosinophilia, and a patient with acute eosinophilic leukemia (AEL). ACS2(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the characteristics and incidence of a dissociated optic nerve fiber layer (DONFL) appearance in eyes after idiopathic macular hole surgery. DESIGN Retrospective, nonrandomized, comparative interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS Ninety-one eyes with idiopathic macular holes that were closed after 1 pars plana vitrectomy were(More)
PURPOSE The b-wave of the human photopic electroretinogram (ERG) elicited by a short-flash increases in amplitude with increasing stimulus intensities at lower stimulus levels, but then decreases at higher stimulus intensities. The purpose of the present study was to explore this phenomenon in more detail, using short- and long-flash stimuli. METHODS The(More)
PURPOSE To compare efficacy and safety of 2 dosing regimens of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) with macular laser photocoagulation for diabetic macular edema (DME). DESIGN Two similarly designed, randomized, phase 3 trials, VISTA(DME) and VIVID(DME). PARTICIPANTS Patients (eyes; n=872) with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus who had DME with central(More)
We report on clinical features in 14 Japanese patients (4 males and 10 females) with partial monosomy of the short arm pseudoautosomal region involving SHOX (n = 11) or total monosomy of the pseudoautosomal region with no involvement of disease genes on the sex-differential regions (n = 3). Skeletal assessment showed that three patients had no discernible(More)
PURPOSE The removal of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) for traction maculopathy has recently been advocated. However, it is generally believed that the ILM plays an important role in retinal function, because it is the basal lamina of the Müller cells that are involved in the generation of the electroretinogram (ERG) b-wave. To date, there has been no(More)
Evidence is accumulating that Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ligands regulate cell migration and axonal guidance during development. It was previously found that one of the Eph receptors, EphA4, is transiently expressed in subsets of chick embryonic motor neurons. Here, the expression of EphA and ephrin-A subfamily members was further examined, and(More)
PURPOSE At lower stimulus intensities, the amplitude of the photopic flash ERG b-wave increases with increasing stimulus intensities, but then plateaus and decreases at higher stimulus intensities (the "photopic hill"). The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism underlying this unusual phenomenon. METHODS Five adult monkeys (Macaca mulatta(More)
PURPOSE To compare the distribution and immunologic characteristics of bone marrow (BM)-derived and resident microglia in the retina. METHODS Mice were irradiated and injected with enhanced green fluorescent protein-positive (EGFP(+)) BM cells. One month to 12 months after BM transplantation, eyes were analyzed histologically for the expression of EGFP(More)