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Potexvirus cell-to-cell movement requires coat protein (CP) and movement proteins. In this study, mutations in two conserved in-frame AUG codons in the 5' region of the CP open reading frame of Plantago asiatica mosaic virus (PlAMV) were introduced, and virus accumulation of these mutants was analyzed in inoculated and upper noninoculated leaves. When CP(More)
Viruses encode RNA silencing suppressors to counteract host antiviral silencing. In this study, we analyzed the suppressors encoded by potato virus M (PVM), a member of the genus Carlavirus. In the conventional green fluorescent protein transient coexpression assay, the cysteine-rich protein (CRP) of PVM inhibited both local and systemic silencing, whereas(More)
Resistant plants respond rapidly to invading avirulent plant viruses by triggering a hypersensitive response (HR). An HR is accompanied by a restraint of virus multiplication and programmed cell death (PCD), both of which have been observed in systemic necrosis triggered by a successful viral infection. Here, we analyzed signaling pathways underlying the HR(More)
RNA silencing is an important defence mechanism against virus infection, and many plant viruses encode RNA silencing suppressors as a counter defence. In this study, we analysed the RNA silencing suppression ability of multiple virus species of the genus Potexvirus. Nicotiana benthamiana plants exhibiting RNA silencing of a green fluorescent protein (GFP)(More)
RNA silencing plays an important antiviral role in plants and invertebrates. To counteract antiviral RNA silencing, most plant viruses have evolved viral suppressors of RNA silencing (VSRs). TRIPLE GENE BLOCK PROTEIN1 (TGBp1) of potexviruses is a well-characterized VSR, but the detailed mechanism by which it suppresses RNA silencing remains unclear. We(More)
Plant virus expression vectors provide a powerful tool for basic research as well as for practical applications. Here, we report the construction of an expression vector based on plantago asiatica mosaic virus (PlAMV), a member of the genus Potexvirus. Modification of a vector to enhance the expression of a foreign gene, combined with the use of the(More)
The complete nucleotide sequences of five isolates of poinsettia mosaic virus (PnMV) from Japan (JN, JO1, JO2, JO4, and JO5) were determined. These isolates contained a single large open reading frame in their genomes and shared 96.6–97.8% identity at the nucleotide level and 91.3–98.1% identity at the amino acid level with two previously reported European(More)
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