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Decades of research in molecular oncology have brought about promising new therapies which are designed to target specific molecules which promote tumor growth and survival. The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is one of the first identified important targets of these novel antitumor agents. Approximately half of cases of triple-negative breast(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive disease. To date, no molecular feature reliably predicts either the response to chemotherapy (CT) or the survival. Using DNA microarrays, we searched for multigene predictors. PATIENTS AND METHODS The World IBC Consortium generated whole-genome expression profiles of 137 IBC and 252 non-IBC(More)
Nerve growth factor (NGF) binding to its receptor TrkA, which belongs to the family of receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs), is known to induce its internalization, endosomal trafficking and subsequent lysosomal degradation. The Cbl family of ubiquitin ligases plays a major role in mediating ubiquitination and degradation of RTKs. However, it is not known(More)
PURPOSE The clinical relevancy of the 7-subtype classification of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) reported by Lehmann and colleagues is unknown. We investigated the clinical relevancy of TNBC heterogeneity by determining pathologic complete response (pCR) rates after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, based on TNBC subtypes. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We revalidated(More)
BACKGROUND Sustained chronic inflammation in the prostate promotes prostate carcinogenesis. Since an elevated level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) per se reflects the presence of inflammation in the prostate, intervention to improve the PSA value might potentially have beneficial effects for the prevention of the development of prostate cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have suggested that statins, which have cholesterol-lowering and anti-inflammatory properties, may have antitumor effects. Effects of statins on inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) have never been studied. METHODS We reviewed 723 patients diagnosed with primary IBC in 1995-2011 and treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer(More)
Cyclin D1 is an oncogenic cyclin frequently over-expressed in cancer. To examine the effect of thyroid hormone (T3) and its receptor (TR) on the transcription of cyclin D1 gene, we co-transfected the chloramphenicol acetyl-transferase (CAT) reporter plasmid containing cyclin D1 promoter together with the expression plasmids for TRbeta1 and wild-type or(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a poorly characterized form of breast cancer. So far, the results of expression profiling in IBC are inconclusive due to various reasons including limited sample size. Here, we present the integration of three Affymetrix expression datasets collected through the World IBC Consortium allowing us to interrogate(More)
After ischemic stroke, the corresponding area contralateral to the lesion may partly compensate for the loss of function. We previously reported the remodeling of neuronal circuits in the contralateral somatosensory cortex (SSC) during the first week after infarction for processing bilateral information, resulting in functional compensation. However, the(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are an independent prognostic factor for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with metastatic breast cancer. Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is one of the most aggressive forms of breast cancer. The prognostic value of a CTC count in newly diagnosed IBC has not been established. The aim of(More)