Hiroko Kadowaki

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An adipocyte-derived peptide, adiponectin (also known as GBP28), is decreased in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Recent genome-wide scans have mapped a diabetes susceptibility locus to chromosome 3q27, where the adiponectin gene (APM1) is located. Herein, we present evidence of an association between frequent single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions 45(More)
Using a multitrait animal model BLUP, selection was conducted over seven generations for growth rate (ADG), real-time ultrasound LM area (LMA), backfat thickness (BF), and intramuscular fat content (IMF) to develop a new line of purebred Duroc pigs with enhanced meat production and meat quality. This selection experiment examined 543 slaughtered pigs (394(More)
The Trp 64 Arg mutation in the beta 3-adrenergic receptor (beta 3AR) gene was investigated in 350 Japanese subjects. This mutation was not associated with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In 191 subjects without NIDDM, body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in subjects homozygous for this mutation than in those homozygous for the(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ coactivator-1 (PGC-1), a transcriptional coactivator of the nuclear receptor PPARγ, plays a role in adaptive thermogenesis and insulin sensitivity. Plasma fasting insulin has been linked to the chromosomal region where the PGC-1 gene is located. Thus, PGC-1 can be viewed as a functional and(More)
This study estimated genetic parameters for fatty acids of different sites of fat tissue, meat production, and meat quality traits of Duroc pigs selected during 7 generations for ADG, LM area, backfat thickness (BF), and intramuscular fat (IMF). For this study, 394 barrows and 153 gilts were slaughtered at 105 kg of BW. High heritabilities for C18:0 of(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) has been implicated in adipocyte differentiation. Recently it was reported that heterozygous deficiency of PPARgamma led to the protection from high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance in an animal model. A Pro12Ala polymorphism has been detected in the human PPARgamma2 gene. Since this amino acid(More)
We studied a simple tandem repeat DNA polymorphism in the glycogen synthase gene and polymorphisms at codon 513 (Ala-->Pro) and 972 (Gly-->Arg) in the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1) gene in 197 non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and 178 control subjects in Japan. Eight alleles (-3G, -2G, -1G, 0G, 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G) were identified in the(More)
The fatty acid composition and melting point of fatty tissue are among the most important economic traits in pig breeding because of their influence on the eating quality of meat. Identifying the quantitative trait locus (QTL) of these traits may help reveal the genetic structure of fatty acid composition and the melting point of fatty tissue and improve(More)
BACKGROUND Several families have been described in which a mutation of mitochondrial DNA, the substitution of guanine for adenine (A-->G) at position 3243 of leucine transfer RNA, is associated with diabetes mellitus and deafness. The prevalence, clinical features, and pathophysiology of diabetes with this mutation are largely undefined. METHODS We(More)
The object of this study is to specify features determining meat quality of Berkshire and Duroc and influence of these purebreds on meat quality of crossbred pigs. In total, 37 purebred pigs (Berkshire and Duroc: originating from line breeding in Kagoshima Prefecture and Miyagi Prefecture, respectively) and two crossbreeds (LDB and LDD: produced by crossing(More)