Hiroko Iwaoka

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The beta-cell/liver glucose transporter (GLUT2) gene was screened for mutations using single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis (SSCP) in 30 Japanese subjects with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Analysis of all exons and adjacent intron regions identified six SSCP polymorphisms, three of which resulted in amino acid substitutions:(More)
Hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) plays an important role in energy metabolism by controlling the hydrolysis of triglycerides stored in adipose tissue. To investigate whether mutations in the HSL gene are associated with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), we screened for mutations of this gene using single-stranded conformation polymorphism(More)
The reliability and validity of two newly developed densitometric methods for determining the human body volume and percent body fat (%FAT), the sulfur hexafluoride dilution method (SHF) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP), were evaluated in comparison with the underwater weighing method (UWW). Seven healthy male volunteers (age 31 to 44, mean height(More)
To characterize the energy metabolism in individuals with mental retardation (MRs), we measured energy cost at several physical activity levels (basal, supine, sitting, standing, and walking at 30, 50 and 70 m/min), maximal oxygen consumption (Vo2max), and body composition in 23 male MRs and the same number of volunteer male controls. Both groups were(More)
This study was proposed to clarify the impairment of first-phase insulin response to glucose in subjects with glucose intolerance by analysis of C-peptide secretion rate after glucose or glucagon injection. The rate was calculated from kinetic analysis of peripheral C-peptide behavior. The rate reached the peak two minutes after glucose injection and then(More)
The age-adjusted death rate from ischemic heart disease in Japan is the lowest among developed countries and the rates have decreased since 1970. The incidences of myocardial infarction in selected populations ranged between 0.12 and 2.56 per 1,000 for middle-aged males, and between 0.00 and 1.52 per 1,000 for females. The incidences of sudden death within(More)
To elucidate the mechanism of impaired insulin release in case of non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM), we investigated insulin release and 45Ca++ efflux from perifused islets obtained from neonatal streptozotocin diabetic model rats. The model rats were prepared by the intraperitoneal administration of 65 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) to neonatal males.(More)
This study sought to establish body volume measurement by the sulfur hexafluoride (SF6 ) dilution technique and to assess the body composition of healthy subjects and patients with the complications of cerebral palsy and mental retardation. Sixty-six healthy males and females ranging in age from 18 to 41 years and 10 patients with the complications ranging(More)