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Rodents treated with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists have been thought to be an animal model of schizophrenia. In this study, we examined gene expression in the amygdala of rats chronically treated with MK-801, as well as behavioral changes, such as social behavior, in these animals. The social interaction test, a measure of social behavior, and(More)
Excitotoxic lesions of the left entorhinal cortex (EC) cause dopamine supersensitivity. In order to determine if these lesions selectively alter the high-affinity state of dopamine D2 receptors (D2(High)), these high-affinity states were measured by competition between dopamine and [3H]domperidone in striata from lesioned rats and sham-operated animals. The(More)
We previously reported that chronic administration of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists reduced the density of vasopressin V1a receptors in several brain regions in rats that demonstrated social interaction deficits and increased locomotor activity. These observations indicate the ability of arginine-vasopressin (AVP), or its analogues, to modulate(More)
Lactate is considered to play a significant role in energy metabolism and reflect neural activity in the brain. Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured extracellular lactate concentrations in the basolateral amygdaloid nucleus (BLA) of rats under electric footshock or psychological stress. We also attempted to determine whether the stress-induced(More)
This study examined the expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) cell-surface receptors, the response to exogenous ligand and the autocrine production of transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-alpha) in normal and carcinoma-derived human oral keratinocytes. One of eight malignant cell lines overexpressed EGF receptors, while the remainder expressed(More)
Administration of non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (e.g. phencyclidine, MK-801) has been shown to elicit behavioral abnormalities related to symptoms of schizophrenia, such as spontaneous locomotor activity and impaired sensorimotor gating, as represented by deficits of prepulse inhibition (PPI). We sought to determine(More)
Plasma levels of homovanillic acid (pHVA) have been suggested to provide a measure of dopaminergic activity in the central nervous system. The present study investigated the effect of mental stress by the Kraepelin test, a test of continuous arithmetic addition of single-digit figures for 30 min, on pHVA levels in 13 male psychiatrically normal healthy(More)
We previously reported that mental stress by Kraepelin's arithmetic test decreases plasma homovanillic acid (pHVA) levels in psychiatrically normal healthy human subjects. The present study was undertaken to determine whether this pattern of changes in pHVA concentrations resulting from mental stress is altered in patients with schizophrenia. Fourteen male(More)
Abnormal metabolism of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPUFAs), a component of phospholipids in neural membranes, has been suggested to be related to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between EPUFA concentrations in erythrocyte membranes, a peripheral measure of phospholipid composition in(More)
Glucose and lactate have been shown to play a significant role in energy metabolism in the brain. In the present study, the relationship between extracellular glucose and lactate concentrations in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) was determined with in vivo microdialysis technique. We further evaluated the effect of dopamine (DA) receptor agonists on energy(More)