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Excitotoxic lesions of the left entorhinal cortex (EC) cause dopamine supersensitivity. In order to determine if these lesions selectively alter the high-affinity state of dopamine D2 receptors (D2(High)), these high-affinity states were measured by competition between dopamine and [3H]domperidone in striata from lesioned rats and sham-operated animals. The(More)
Rodents treated with N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists have been thought to be an animal model of schizophrenia. In this study, we examined gene expression in the amygdala of rats chronically treated with MK-801, as well as behavioral changes, such as social behavior, in these animals. The social interaction test, a measure of social behavior, and(More)
Lactate is considered to play a significant role in energy metabolism and reflect neural activity in the brain. Using in vivo microdialysis technique, we measured extracellular lactate concentrations in the basolateral amygdaloid nucleus (BLA) of rats under electric footshock or psychological stress. We also attempted to determine whether the stress-induced(More)
Glucose and lactate have been shown to play a significant role in energy metabolism in the brain. In the present study, the relationship between extracellular glucose and lactate concentrations in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) was determined with in vivo microdialysis technique. We further evaluated the effect of dopamine (DA) receptor agonists on energy(More)
Abnormal metabolism of essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPUFAs), a component of phospholipids in neural membranes, has been suggested to be related to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between EPUFA concentrations in erythrocyte membranes, a peripheral measure of phospholipid composition in(More)
In the sham-operated rats, exposure to either footshock or psychological stress induced similar biphasic alterations of dopamine (DA) release (an initial increase followed by a decrease below baseline levels) in the amygdala 4 weeks after the surgery. On the other hand, the left entorhinal cortex lesions abolished the late decrement phase of DA release(More)
Administration of non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists (e.g. phencyclidine, MK-801) has been shown to elicit behavioral abnormalities related to symptoms of schizophrenia, such as spontaneous locomotor activity and impaired sensorimotor gating, as represented by deficits of prepulse inhibition (PPI). We sought to determine(More)
In order to examine the construct validity of rats with excitotoxic damage of the left entorhinal cortex (EC) as an animal model of schizophrenia, we measured dopamine (DA)-related behaviors and methamphetamine (MAP)-induced DA release in the accumbens nucleus (NAC) in these animals. Quinolinic acid (lesion group) or phosphate buffer (sham group) was(More)
Morphological studies report reductions in the volume of medial temporal lobe structures and the prefrontal cortex in subjects with schizophrenia. The present study was performed to clarify the role of prefrontal-temporo-limbic system in the manifestation of psychosis, using entorhinal cortical lesion rats as a vulnerability animal model. Quinolinic acid(More)
T-817MA [1-{3-[2-(1-benzothiophen-5-yl)ethoxy]propyl}azetidin-3-ol maleate] is a newly synthesized neuroprotective agent for the treatment of psychiatric disorders characterized by cognitive disturbances, such as Alzheimer's disease. Cognitive impairment has also been suggested to be a cardinal feature of schizophrenia. We sought to determine whether(More)