Hiroko Hirokawa

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It has been suggested that the heterologous population of Bacillus phage M2 is derived from an original clone, which is identical with phage Nf, by the deletion on a particular region of the genome. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of this region of M2 subclones and Nf genomes. The results clearly indicate that the homologous recombination through(More)
The nucleotide sequence of Bacillus phage Nf gene F has been determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of gpF is very similar to that of gp4, the transcriptional activator of phage phi 29. Both proteins contain the consensus structure that is conserved for the DNA-protein interacting domain of DNA-binding proteins such as the repressor, Cro and CII(More)
The dna genes, essential for protein priming DNA replication of bacteriophage phi 29, are transcribed as a long polycistronic mRNA. In the previous study, gene 1 product (gp1) was shown to repress the expression of the upstream dna genes for DNA polymerase and primer protein. To investigate the details of the repression by gp1, we have examined the amount(More)
The TFIID complex, which is a general transcription factor, helps to activate and regulate the transcription associated with eukaryotic promoters. A TATA element-binding protein (TBP), a central subunit of the TFIID complex, binds to TATA elements. Circular permutation analysis showed that purified recombinant TBP-1 from Arabidopsis (aTBP-1) introduced a(More)
Two different expression systems of genes of primer proteins (pE for phage M2, and p3 for phi 29) were constructed to study the protein primed DNA replication of Bacillus phages M2 and phi 29. In one system, expression of the genes was under the control of the inducible spac promoter, whereas in the other system, the expression was under the control of the(More)
A multicopy plasmid, 2.1 kb in size, was isolated from Shigella sonnei and named pKYM. This plasmid is cryptic and isolated along with pKY-1, a ColE1-like plasmid. In this paper, we report the physical map of pKYM and some characters required for its multiplication. The replication of the plasmid DNA does not require DNA polymerase I but depends on(More)
Bacteriophage phi 29 DNA polymerase is sensitive to aphidicolin (APH). DNA polymerase of the APH-resistant mutant, APHr71, was more sensitive to phosphonoacetic acid and butylphenyldeoxyguanosine 5'triphosphate than the wild type. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed a single transition of G at nucleotide 562 to A in the DNA polymerase gene of APHr71,(More)
B.subtilis phage M2 uses a protein, instead of RNA, as the primer of its DNA replication. Hence this protein encoded in the phage genome is called as the primer protein (PP). At the initiation of DNA replication, a hetero dimer complex with its own DNA polymerase and the PP supposed to interact with the terminal protein (TP), which is covalently bound to(More)
Bacteriophage M2 encodes its own DNA polymerase which catalyses the formation of a primer protein-5'dAMP initiation complex for DNA replication. To understand the relation of structure to function of this 'protein-priming DNA polymerase', we have determined the nucleotide sequence of the M2 DNA polymerase-encoding gene (gene G). The deduced 572-amino acid(More)