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Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) may play a key role in Ca2+-induced insulin secretion. We have previously reported that treatment of insulinoma MIN6 cells with secretagogues activated CaM kinase II and increased the phosphorylation of synapsin I, followed by insulin secretion. Here, we identified isoforms of CaM kinase II in MIN6(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) has been speculated to have an anti-atherogenic function. Many in vitro studies have demonstrated that HDL has the ability to remove cholesteryl ester (CE) from lipid-laden macrophages. However, the effect of alteration in chemical composition and particle diameter on the in vivo function of HDL is unknown. In the study(More)
Five novel, canine lymphoma cell lines (Ema, CLC, CLK, Nody-1 and UL-1) were established from dogs suffering from lymphoma and characterized in vitro and in vivo. All cell lines, except CLC, were characterized with T-cell phenotypes, by flow cytometric analysis and polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement. Cell proliferation rates and(More)
BACKGROUND Propofol is used during living-related donor liver transplantation because its metabolism is not greatly affected by liver failure. However, the pharmacokinetics of propofol during liver transplantation have not been fully defined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the apparent systemic clearance of propofol during the dissection,(More)
-CD36 is 1 of the class B scavenger receptor expressed on monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages (Mphi), platelets, and adipocytes. In our previous studies, we reported that the uptake of oxidized low density lipoproteins (OxLDLs) is reduced by approximately 50% in Mphi from CD36-deficient patients compared with that in control subjects. Recently, we have(More)
A responsible gene of genetically obese (ob/ob) mouse has recently been isolated. Genetic disruption of ob gene causes massive obesity. To elucidate the pathophysiological regulation of ob gene, we examined the gene expression in fat tissues of a non-genetical obese model, VMH-lesioned rats. The ob mRNA was identified in both subcutaneous and mesenteric fat(More)
Necrobiotic xanthogranuloma (NXG) is a rare histiocytic disease with generalized xanthomatosis. However, most cases with NXG are normolipidemic or hypolipidemic. The mechanism for the formation of xanthoma in NXG has not yet been clarified. We observed a case of NXG with severe hypocholesterolemia (total cholesterol: 1.69 mmol/l) and analyzed the function(More)
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) deficiency, which has been found only in Japan, is characterized by marked hyperalphalipoproteinemia (HALP) and abnormalities of both low density and high density lipoproteins. We have reported that this deficiency is commonly associated with a G-->A mutation at the intron 14 splice donor site of the CETP gene(More)
Although L-arginine is the only substrate for nitric oxide (NO) production, no studies have yet been reported on the effect of an L-arginine deficiency on vascular function in humans. Lysinuric protein intolerance (LPI) is a rare autosomal recessive defect of dibasic amino acid transport caused by mutations in the SLC7A7 gene, resulting in an L-arginine(More)
Surgery or trauma often results in restrictive adhesions around joints or tendons that cause severe functional impairment. The formation of adhesion is essentially a fibrogenetic process; therefore, peptide growth factors, such as transforming growth factor-beta, are assumed to play central roles in its development. The purpose of this study was to test the(More)