Hiroko Anzai

Learn More
We have constructed a chimeric gene consisting of the promoter, first exon, and first intron of a maize ubiquitin gene (Ubi-1) and the coding sequence of the bar gene from Streptomyces hygroscopicus. This construct was transferred into rice (Oryza sativa L.) protoplasts via electroporation, and 10 plants were regenerated from calli that had been selected(More)
We have isolated and studied the genes involved in the alanylation step in the biosynthesis of a herbicide, bialaphos which is produced by Streptomyces hygroscopicus. Three bialaphos-nonproducing mutants, NP60, NP61 and NP62, isolated from S. hygroscopicus by treatment with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine were defective for the alanylation step and(More)
A DNA sequence (brpA) which regulates the expression of the genes of the bialaphos biosynthesis pathway (bap) in Streptomyces hygroscopicus was identified and characterized. A newly isolated nonproducing mutant (NP57) had a pleiotropic defect involving at least 6 of the 13 known bap genes; only the step 6 conversion could be detected. NP57 was more(More)
An enzyme catalyzing the formation of an unusual C-P bond that is involved in the biosynthesis of the antibiotic bialaphos (BA) was isolated from the cell extract of a mutant (NP71) of Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF1293. This enzyme, carboxyphosphonoenolpyruvate (CPEP) phosphonomutase, was first identified as a protein lacking in a mutant (NP213) defective(More)
One of the three C-P bond formation steps, defined as step 5 in the bialaphos (BA) biosynthetic pathway, was analyzed using a new BA non-producing mutant NP71. The mutant was derived from a BA producer by gene replacement of an unidentified region next to the gene responsible for the step 5 deficiency of the mutant NP213, obtained by conventional mutation(More)
Penicillium decumbens is able to epoxidize cis-propenylphosphonic acid (cPA) to produce the antibiotic fosfomycin [FOM; also referred to as phosphonomycin and (-)-cis-1,2-epoxypropylphosphonic acid], a bioconversion of considerable commercial significance. We sought to improve the efficiency of the process by overexpression of the genes involved. A(More)
 Six oriental cultivars of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) were evaluated for transformation and foreign gene expression. Leaf-disc explant tissue was transformed with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 carrying the plasmid pARK21, which contains NPTII gene and ttr (tabtoxin resistance) gene conferring the resistance to Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci.(More)
We have developed a method for gene replacement in Streptomyces hygroscopicus which permits introduction of an in vitro derived mutation carried on a plasmid into the chromosome. We constructed the plasmid pMSB212 which can replicate in S. hygroscopicus and contains the step5 gene of the bialaphos biosynthetic pathway which was inactivated by a frame-shift(More)