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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between masked hypertension (MHT) and vascular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study subjects were patients with type 2 diabetes who were normotensive based on blood pressure (BP) measurement in the clinic (n = 80) without antihypertensive drugs and free of retinopathy,(More)
A man in his twenties was diagnosed with schizophrenia in his late teens. The night before his death, his family reported he drank a large amount of water, vomited, collapsed, and snored loudly while sleeping, but they did not view the event seriously as he did it routinely. The following morning, he was found dead. Autopsy revealed hyponatremia by water(More)
Recent studies have suggested that free fatty acids stimulate autophagy of pancreatic beta cells. The aim of this study was to verify the free fatty acids (FFA)-induced autophagy and investigate its molecular mechanism. As reported previously, palmitate strongly enhanced the conversion of light chain (LC)3-I to LC3-II, a marker of activation of autophagy in(More)
Pancreatic islets in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are characterized by loss of β cells and formation of amyloid deposits derived from islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). Here we demonstrated that treatment of INS-1 cells with human IAPP (hIAPP) enhances cell death, inhibits cytoproliferation, and increases autophagosome formation.(More)
Autophagy is cellular machinery for maintenance of β-cell function and mass. The implication of autophagy failure in β-cells on the pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes and its relation to the effect of treatment of diabetes remains elusive. Here, we found increased expression of p62 in islets of db/db mice and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to elucidate the histologic and clinical implications of detection of intratumoral vessels on contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography (CE-EUS) in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). METHODS Thirteen patients with a GIST, all of whom were referred for surgery, underwent presurgical CE-EUS. The malignant(More)
To our knowledge, there is currently no insulin infusion protocol for critically ill patients especially designed for Asian diabetics although many such protocols are used in Western countries. In this study, we modified the Yale insulin infusion protocol taking into consideration the characteristics of Japanese diabetics and hospital environment. We tested(More)
OBJECTIVE Mounting evidence indicates that the gut microbiota are an important modifier of obesity and diabetes. However, so far there is no information on gut microbiota and "live gut bacteria" in the systemic circulation of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using a sensitive reverse transcription-quantitative PCR(More)
Macroscopic assessment of the pubic symphysis is commonly used for age estimation because its surface changes over time. However, postmortem computed tomography (PMCT), a method several forensic medical departments and institutes have begun to adopt, has the potential to simplify the information gathering process from the pelvic bone without requiring soft(More)
Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing gastrointestinal cancer. Here, we have tested the possibility that chronic inflammation could trigger mutations. For this, we have used IL-10-deficient (IL-10-/-) mice, which spontaneously develop intestinal inflammation, in combination with a transgenic gpt gene and(More)