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OBJECTIVE Population-specific differences in the genetic susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are indicated by the fact that Crohn's disease (CD) in Japanese patients does not have any of the common CARD15 variants that are associated with CD in Caucasians. Recently, the disease-causing mutation in the IBD5 haplotype was identified. The TC(More)
Argyrophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in oligodendrocytes (AGCIs) were seen in all of 15 cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA), and none in other neurodegenerative diseases, including 9 cases of Menzel-type olivopontocerebellar atrophy and 4 cases of Joseph's disease. The inclusions were widespread, not only in the olivopontocerebellar and striatonigral(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between masked hypertension (MHT) and vascular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study subjects were patients with type 2 diabetes who were normotensive based on blood pressure (BP) measurement in the clinic (n = 80) without antihypertensive drugs and free of retinopathy,(More)
The effects of saikosaponin-d extracted from the roots of Bupleurum falcatum L. on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury were studied in rats. Pretreatment with saikosaponin-d produced a remarkable inhibitory action on acute hepatic injury by CCl4. A significant inhibition of lipid peroxidation induced by an acute dose of CCl4 in the liver of rats(More)
A man in his twenties was diagnosed with schizophrenia in his late teens. The night before his death, his family reported he drank a large amount of water, vomited, collapsed, and snored loudly while sleeping, but they did not view the event seriously as he did it routinely. The following morning, he was found dead. Autopsy revealed hyponatremia by water(More)
Macroscopic assessment of the pubic symphysis is commonly used for age estimation because its surface changes over time. However, postmortem computed tomography (PMCT), a method several forensic medical departments and institutes have begun to adopt, has the potential to simplify the information gathering process from the pelvic bone without requiring soft(More)
Recent studies have suggested that free fatty acids stimulate autophagy of pancreatic beta cells. The aim of this study was to verify the free fatty acids (FFA)-induced autophagy and investigate its molecular mechanism. As reported previously, palmitate strongly enhanced the conversion of light chain (LC)3-I to LC3-II, a marker of activation of autophagy in(More)
Intracytoplasmic and brightly eosinophilic inclusions within neuroglias are reported in a patient with Aicardi's syndrome. Most inclusion-bearing neuroglias were protoplasmic astrocytes in the cerebral cortex. Compared with similar eosinophilic and intracytoplasmic inclusions in other studies using both light and electron microscopy, the inclusions in this(More)
Effects of saponins extracted from Bupleuri Radix (saikosaponin) and the corresponding aglycones on hypotonic or hyperthermic hemolysis were investigated. Low concentrations of saikosaponins protect or stabilize rat erythrocytes against both hypotonic and heat-induced hemolysis. Minor modifications of the aglyconic part of the saikosaponin have enormous(More)
Nitrosourea induced tumors of the nervous system in rats have proven useful for biochemical studies combined with morphological approaches. The pattern of enzyme activities for acid hydrolases and cytochrome oxidase resemble those previously observed in spontaneous nervous system tumors of man. The activities of 4 acid hydrolases were generally high in the(More)