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OBJECTIVE Population-specific differences in the genetic susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are indicated by the fact that Crohn's disease (CD) in Japanese patients does not have any of the common CARD15 variants that are associated with CD in Caucasians. Recently, the disease-causing mutation in the IBD5 haplotype was identified. The TC(More)
Argyrophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in oligodendrocytes (AGCIs) were seen in all of 15 cases of multiple system atrophy (MSA), and none in other neurodegenerative diseases, including 9 cases of Menzel-type olivopontocerebellar atrophy and 4 cases of Joseph's disease. The inclusions were widespread, not only in the olivopontocerebellar and striatonigral(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between masked hypertension (MHT) and vascular damage in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS The study subjects were patients with type 2 diabetes who were normotensive based on blood pressure (BP) measurement in the clinic (n = 80) without antihypertensive drugs and free of retinopathy,(More)
OBJECTIVE Mounting evidence indicates that the gut microbiota are an important modifier of obesity and diabetes. However, so far there is no information on gut microbiota and "live gut bacteria" in the systemic circulation of Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using a sensitive reverse transcription-quantitative PCR(More)
The effects of saikosaponin-d extracted from the roots of Bupleurum falcatum L. on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury were studied in rats. Pretreatment with saikosaponin-d produced a remarkable inhibitory action on acute hepatic injury by CCl4. A significant inhibition of lipid peroxidation induced by an acute dose of CCl4 in the liver of rats(More)
Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of developing gastrointestinal cancer. Here, we have tested the possibility that chronic inflammation could trigger mutations. For this, we have used IL-10-deficient (IL-10-/-) mice, which spontaneously develop intestinal inflammation, in combination with a transgenic gpt gene and(More)
A man in his twenties was diagnosed with schizophrenia in his late teens. The night before his death, his family reported he drank a large amount of water, vomited, collapsed, and snored loudly while sleeping, but they did not view the event seriously as he did it routinely. The following morning, he was found dead. Autopsy revealed hyponatremia by water(More)
To our knowledge, there is currently no insulin infusion protocol for critically ill patients especially designed for Asian diabetics although many such protocols are used in Western countries. In this study, we modified the Yale insulin infusion protocol taking into consideration the characteristics of Japanese diabetics and hospital environment. We tested(More)
BACKGROUND Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is one of the most frequently employed assays for clinical diagnosis, since this enables the investigator to identify specific protein biomarkers. However, the conventional assay using a 96-well microtitration plate is time- and sample-consuming, and therefore is not suitable for rapid diagnosis.(More)
Recent studies have suggested that free fatty acids stimulate autophagy of pancreatic beta cells. The aim of this study was to verify the free fatty acids (FFA)-induced autophagy and investigate its molecular mechanism. As reported previously, palmitate strongly enhanced the conversion of light chain (LC)3-I to LC3-II, a marker of activation of autophagy in(More)