Hiroki Yamamoto

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The distribution of tfdAalpha and cadA, genes encoding 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D)-degrading proteins which are characteristic of the 2,4-D-degrading Bradyrhizobium sp. isolated from pristine environments, was examined by PCR and Southern hybridization in several Bradyrhizobium strains including type strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 and(More)
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D)/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase gene (tfdA) homolog designated tfdAalpha was cloned and characterized from 2,4-D-degrading bacterial strain RD5-C2. This Japanese upland soil isolate belongs to the Bradyrhizobium-Agromonas-Nitrobacter-Afipia cluster in the alpha subdivision of the class Proteobacteria on the basis of(More)
Bacillus subtilis has various cell wall hydrolases, however, the functions and hydrolase activities of some enzymes are still unknown. B. subtilis CwlK (YcdD) exhibits high sequence similarity with the peptidoglycan hydrolytic l,d-endopeptidase (PLY500) of Listeria monocytogenes phage and CwlK has the VanY motif which is a d-alanyl-d-alanine(More)
An extracellular signaling molecule acts on several types of cells, evoking characteristic and different responses depending on intrinsic factors in the signal-receiving cells. In ascidian embryos, notochord and mesenchyme are induced in the anterior and posterior margins, respectively, of the vegetal hemisphere by the same FGF signal emanating from(More)
Humans can readily and effortlessly perceive a rich, stable, and unified visual world from a complex visual scene. Yet our internal representation of a visual object appears to be sparse and fragmented. How and where in the brain are such fragmented representations organized into a whole percept? Recent studies have accumulated evidence that some global(More)
This paper is a report on the successful application of bioinformatics to enzyme screening. The synthesis of ethyl (S)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate (ECHB) by asymmetric reduction of ethyl 4-chloroacetoacetate (ECAA) using fabG-homologues was studied. β-Ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein reductases from both Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis, which are(More)
Bacillus subtilis yvcE (named cwlO) encodes a polypeptide consisting of 473 amino acid residues, and the N-terminal region contains a putative signal sequence and the C-terminal region exhibits high similarity to those of the NLPC/P60 superfamily (DL-endopeptidase family II). Northern blotting and cwlO-lacZ fusion analyses indicated that the cwlO gene is(More)
LytF, LytE, and LytC are vegetative cell wall hydrolases in Bacillus subtilis. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that an epitope-tagged LytF fusion protein (LytF-3xFLAG) in the wild-type background strain was localized at cell separation sites and one of the cell poles of rod-shaped cells during vegetative growth. However, in a mutant lacking both the(More)
A cell wall hydrolase homologue, Bacillus subtilis YddH (renamed CwlT), was determined to be a novel cell wall lytic enzyme. The cwlT gene is located in the region of an integrative and conjugative element (ICEBs1), and a cwlT-lacZ fusion experiment revealed the significant expression when mitomycin C was added to the culture. Judging from the Pfam data(More)
Cell separation in Bacillus subtilis depends on specific activities of DL-endopeptidases CwlS, LytF and LytE. Immunofluorescence microscopy (IFM) indicated that the localization of LytF depended on its N-terminal LysM domain. In addition, we revealed that the LysM domain efficiently binds to peptidoglycan (PG) prepared by chemically removing wall teichoic(More)