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Bacillus subtilis has various cell wall hydrolases, however, the functions and hydrolase activities of some enzymes are still unknown. B. subtilis CwlK (YcdD) exhibits high sequence similarity with the peptidoglycan hydrolytic L,D-endopeptidase (PLY500) of Listeria monocytogenes phage and CwlK has the VanY motif which is a D-alanyl-D-alanine(More)
The distribution of tfdAalpha and cadA, genes encoding 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D)-degrading proteins which are characteristic of the 2,4-D-degrading Bradyrhizobium sp. isolated from pristine environments, was examined by PCR and Southern hybridization in several Bradyrhizobium strains including type strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA110 and(More)
A cell wall hydrolase homologue, Bacillus subtilis YddH (renamed CwlT), was determined to be a novel cell wall lytic enzyme. The cwlT gene is located in the region of an integrative and conjugative element (ICEBs1), and a cwlT-lacZ fusion experiment revealed the significant expression when mitomycin C was added to the culture. Judging from the Pfam data(More)
The 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D)/alpha-ketoglutarate dioxygenase gene (tfdA) homolog designated tfdAalpha was cloned and characterized from 2,4-D-degrading bacterial strain RD5-C2. This Japanese upland soil isolate belongs to the Bradyrhizobium-Agromonas-Nitrobacter-Afipia cluster in the alpha subdivision of the class Proteobacteria on the basis of(More)
Even though cell wall proteins of Bacillus subtilis are characterized by specific cell wall retention signals, some of these are also components of the extracellular proteome. In contrast to the majority of extracellular proteins, wall binding proteins disappeared from the extracellular proteome during the stationary phase and are subjected to proteolysis.(More)
Humans can readily and effortlessly perceive a rich, stable, and unified visual world from a complex visual scene. Yet our internal representation of a visual object appears to be sparse and fragmented. How and where in the brain are such fragmented representations organized into a whole percept? Recent studies have accumulated evidence that some global(More)
Seed coat colour is an important agronomic trait in adzuki bean (Vigna angularis). Here, we identified four genes controlling seed coat colour in this species. We conducted a quantitative trait locus (QTL) study of 133 recombinant inbred lines (F6) derived from a cross between V. angularis Shumari (red) and landrace Acc2265 (olive buff), by using simple(More)
The predicted amino acid sequence of Bacillus subtilis yfjS (renamed pdaA) exhibits high similarity to those of several polysaccharide deacetylases. Beta-galactosidase fusion experiments and results of Northern hybridization with sporulation sigma mutants indicated that the pdaA gene is transcribed by E(sigma)(G) RNA polymerase. pdaA-deficient spores were(More)
LytF, LytE, and LytC are vegetative cell wall hydrolases in Bacillus subtilis. Immunofluorescence microscopy showed that an epitope-tagged LytF fusion protein (LytF-3xFLAG) in the wild-type background strain was localized at cell separation sites and one of the cell poles of rod-shaped cells during vegetative growth. However, in a mutant lacking both the(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the potential of cell walls of wild-type and lipoteichoic acid-defective strains of Bacillus subtilis 168 to adsorb rare earth ions. Freeze-dried cell powders prepared from both strains were used for the evaluation of adsorption ability for the rare earth ions, namely, La(III), Eu(III), and Tm(III). The rare earth(More)