Hiroki Umeshima

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Lissencephaly is a devastating neurological disorder caused by defective neuronal migration. LIS1 (official symbol PAFAH1B1, for platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase, isoform 1b, subunit 1) was identified as the gene mutated in individuals with lissencephaly, and it was found to regulate cytoplasmic dynein function and localization. Here we show that(More)
During neuronal migration in the developing brain, it is thought that the centrosome precedes the nucleus and provides a cue for nuclear migration along the microtubules. In time-lapse imaging studies of radially migrating granule cells in mouse cerebellar slices, we observed that the movements of the nucleus and centrosome appeared to occur independently(More)
During lamination of the cerebellar cortex, granule cells initially migrate tangentially along the external granule layer, and then make a vertical turn and migrate radially to the internal granule layer. We comparatively analyzed the properties of biphasic migration of granule cells in a microexplant culture in which quantitation of morphology and(More)
Neural activity plays roles in the later stages of development of cortical excitatory neurons, including dendritic and axonal arborization, remodeling, and synaptogenesis. However, its role in earlier stages, such as migration and dendritogenesis, is less clear. Here we investigated roles of neural activity in the maturation of cortical neurons, using(More)
BACKGROUND Neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) are generated by symmetric and asymmetric cell division of neural stem cells and their derivative progenitor cells. Cerebellar granule cells are the most abundant neurons in the CNS, and are generated by intensive cell division of granule cell precursors (GCPs) during postnatal development.(More)
Elucidating the dynamic organization of nuclear RNA foci is important for understanding and manipulating these functional sites of gene expression in both physiological and pathological states. However, such studies have been difficult to establish in vivo as a result of the absence of suitable RNA imaging methods. Here, we describe a high-resolution(More)
The cerebellar granule cell is a unique neuron which undergoes tangential migration along axonal tracts and radial migration along glial fibers sequentially during postnatal development. Little is known about molecular bases of the differential kinetics of tangential and radial migration. Here we developed a time-lapse imaging assay for tangential migration(More)
Users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full Conditions of use: Anthony Wynshaw-Boris wrote the manuscript and provided valuable suggestions. Shinji Hirotsune conducted the most of experiments and wrote the manuscript. Abstract Lissencephaly is a(More)
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