Hiroki Umeshima

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During neuronal migration in the developing brain, it is thought that the centrosome precedes the nucleus and provides a cue for nuclear migration along the microtubules. In time-lapse imaging studies of radially migrating granule cells in mouse cerebellar slices, we observed that the movements of the nucleus and centrosome appeared to occur independently(More)
During lamination of the cerebellar cortex, granule cells initially migrate tangentially along the external granule layer, and then make a vertical turn and migrate radially to the internal granule layer. We comparatively analyzed the properties of biphasic migration of granule cells in a microexplant culture in which quantitation of morphology and(More)
Lissencephaly is a devastating neurological disorder caused by defective neuronal migration. LIS1 (official symbol PAFAH1B1, for platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase, isoform 1b, subunit 1) was identified as the gene mutated in individuals with lissencephaly, and it was found to regulate cytoplasmic dynein function and localization. Here we show that(More)
Neural activity plays roles in the later stages of development of cortical excitatory neurons, including dendritic and axonal arborization, remodeling, and synaptogenesis. However, its role in earlier stages, such as migration and dendritogenesis, is less clear. Here we investigated roles of neural activity in the maturation of cortical neurons, using(More)
Elucidating the dynamic organization of nuclear RNA foci is important for understanding and manipulating these functional sites of gene expression in both physiological and pathological states. However, such studies have been difficult to establish in vivo as a result of the absence of suitable RNA imaging methods. Here, we describe a high-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND Neurons in the central nervous system (CNS) are generated by symmetric and asymmetric cell division of neural stem cells and their derivative progenitor cells. Cerebellar granule cells are the most abundant neurons in the CNS, and are generated by intensive cell division of granule cell precursors (GCPs) during postnatal development.(More)
Lissencephaly is a devastating neurological disorder due to defective neuronal migration. LIS1 (or PAFAH1B1) was identified as the gene mutated in lissencephaly patients, and was found to regulate cytoplasmic dynein function and localization. Here, we show that more than half of LIS1 is degraded via calpain-dependent proteolysis, and that inhibition or(More)
The cerebellar granule cell is a unique neuron which undergoes tangential migration along axonal tracts and radial migration along glial fibers sequentially during postnatal development. Little is known about molecular bases of the differential kinetics of tangential and radial migration. Here we developed a time-lapse imaging assay for tangential migration(More)