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LPS is recognized by TLR4 and radioprotective 105 kDa in B cells. Susceptibility to LPS in murine B cells is most closely linked to the locus containing the TLR4 gene. However, the molecular mechanism underlying genetic control of LPS sensitivity by this locus has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we revealed that C57BL/6 (B6) B cells respond to(More)
We have developed a simultaneous quantification method for prostaglandin (PG) E(2), PGD(2), PGF(2 alpha), 8-epi-PGF(2 alpha), 6-keto-PGF(1 alpha) and thromboxane (TX) B(2). Using [3,3,4,4-(2)H(4)]PGE(2), [3,3,4,4-(2)H(4)]PGD(2), [3,3,4,4-(2)H(4)]8-epi-PGF(2 alpha), [3,3,4,4-(2)H(4)]PGF(2 alpha), [3,3,4,4-(2)H(4)]6-keto-PGF(1 alpha) and(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4/MD-2 dimerization is thought to be required for the initiation of signaling during innate immune responses. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanisms underlying receptor dimerization in the context of accessory molecules, i.e. CD14 and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein (LBP), to determine whether dimerization is(More)
Using monoclonal antibodies against progestin receptors (PR) and estrogen receptors (ER), and polyclonal antibodies to thymulin (FTS) and keratin, localization of the sex steroid receptors was studied immunohistochemically in ovariectomized estrogen-treated rat thymus, with special reference to FTS-producing cells. Both ER- and PR-immunostained cells were(More)
Ly6k, a putative mouse glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-anchored membrane protein is specifically associated with a unique germ-cell marker, TEX101. Although a human orthologue LY6K has been proposed as a novel cancer/testis antigen, its molecular nature is largely obscure, because its characteristics have been gleaned mainly from qualitative studies of(More)
Thiazolidinedione, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist, has been used as an anti-diabetic drug and as an useful tool to elucidate multiple PPARgamma functions by in vitro and in vivo studies. We investigated the effects of thiazolidinediones on prostanoid production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cells. The high(More)
Extracellular ATP and adenosine have immunoregulatory roles during inflammation. Elevated extracellular ATP is known to exacerbate GVHD, and the pharmacologic activation of the adenosine A2A receptor is protective. However, the role of endogenous adenosine is unknown. We used gene-targeted mice and a pharmacologic inhibitor to test the role of adenosine(More)
Prospermatogonia, or gonocytes, are the cells that differentiate from primordial germ cells to the first mature type of spermatogonia in the developing testis. Although prospermatogonia play a central role in this stage (i.e., prespermatogenesis), the details regarding their characterization have not been fully elucidated. Recently, we identified a novel(More)
Ligands for toll-like receptors (TLR) are known to induce a variety of immune responses. Selective induction of desirable responses would be important for the treatment of individual diseases with various pathogenesis. For this purpose, we established six MAbs against the TLR4/MD-2 complex (UT MAbs) from TLR4(-/-) mice or MD-2(-/-) mice. Three MAbs (UT12,(More)
Both transferrin and the iron it carries are lost in the urine in the nephrotic syndrome. Patients may develop hypochromic microcytic anemia and synthesis of transferrin, a protein regulated in large part by iron availability, is increased. Transferrin synthesis has also been reported to be increased in liver slices from rats with hereditary analbuminemia,(More)