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Image guidance in radiotherapy and extracranial radiosurgery offers the potential for precise radiation dose delivery to a moving tumour. Recent work has demonstrated how to locate and track the position of a tumour in real-time using diagnostic x-ray imaging to find implanted radio-opaque markers. However, the delivery of a treatment plan through gating or(More)
The Synchrony Respiratory Tracking System (RTS) is a treatment option of the CyberKnife robotic treatment device to irradiate extra-cranial tumors that move due to respiration. Advantages of RTS are that patients can breath normally and that there is no loss of linac duty cycle such as with gated therapy. Tracking is based on a measured correspondence model(More)
Subsequence matching in time series databases is a useful technique, with applications in pattern matching, prediction, and rule discovery. Internal structure within the time series data can be used to improve these tasks, and provide important insight into the problem domain. This paper introduces our research effort in using the internal structure of a(More)
Radiation therapy is one of the primary treatment modalities for cancer along with chemotherapy and surgical therapy. The main mechanism of the tumor reduction after irradiation has been considered to be damage to the tumor DNA. However, we found that tumor-specific CTL, which were induced in the draining lymph nodes (DLN) and tumor tissue of tumor-bearing(More)
We determined the relationship between intra-fractional breathing motion and safety margins, using daily real-time tumour tracking data of 40 patients (43 tumour locations), treated with radiosurgery at Hokkaido University. We limited our study to the dose-blurring effect of intra-fractional breathing motion, and did not consider differences in positioning(More)
Ionizing radiation (IR)-enhanced tumor invasiveness is emerging as a contributor to the limited benefit of radiotherapy; however, its mechanism is still unclear. We previously showed that subcloned lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells (P cells), which survived 10 Gy IR (IR cells), acquired high invasiveness in vitro. Here, we tried to identify the mechanism by(More)
PURPOSE To determine how the omission of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) affects the neurocognitive function of patients with one to four brain metastases who have been treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). METHODS AND MATERIALS In a prospective randomized trial between WBRT+SRS and SRS alone for patients with one to four brain metastases, we(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to investigate outcomes in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) who were treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). METHODS One hundred one patients with VS were treated with fractionated SRT at a radiation level of 40 to 50 Gy administered in 20 to 25 fractions over a 5- to 6-week period. The median(More)
Effective image guided radiation treatment of a moving tumour requires adequate information on respiratory motion characteristics. For margin expansion, beam tracking and respiratory gating, the tumour motion must be quantified for pretreatment planning and monitored on-line. We propose a finite state model for respiratory motion analysis that captures our(More)