Hiroki Shimizu

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Through the use of QuantiFERON-TB Gold, a commercial IFN-gamma assay, we compared differences in quantitative T-cell responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-specific antigens [QuantiFERON TB-2G (QFT-2G)] between patients with active tuberculosis (TB) disease and those with latent TB infection (LTBI). The patient group consisted of 180 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Whereas nutrition deficits are recognized as an expression of systemic inflammation in the elderly with diagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), if they occur in symptomatic elderly smokers, unfulfilled COPD criteria are not confirmed. METHODS Respiratory function, anthropometry assessment, and diet intake(More)
To improve the outcome of cancer chemotherapy, strategies to enhance the efficacy of anticancer drugs are required. Sorafenib is the only drug to prolong overall survival of the patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, the outcome is still not satisfactory. Retinoids, vitamin A derivatives, have been known to exhibit inhibitory effects on(More)
To investigate the relationship between caspase-3-like protease activity, which has been suggested to be related to apoptosis, and DNA fragmentation, we measured changes in caspase-3-like activity and DNA fragmentation in the hippocampus of gerbils exposed to global ischemia induced by bilateral occlusion of the carotid arteries for 5 min. Caspase-3-like(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of a hypotonic treatment for peritoneal dissemination from gastric cancer cells using an in vivo model. We firstly evaluated the toxicity of a peritoneal injection of distilled water (DW) (2 mL for 3 days) in mice. Macroscopic and microscopic examinations revealed that the peritoneal injection of DW(More)
Human chromosomal region 13q14 is a deletion hotspot in prostate cancer, multiple myeloma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. This region is believed to host multiple tumor suppressors. Chromosome Condensation 1-like (CHC1L) is located at 13q14, and found within the smallest common region of loss of heterozygosity in prostate cancer. Decreased expression of(More)
Asthma is associated with eosinophilic airway inflammation and characterized by enhanced airway sensitivity. Interleukin (IL)-5 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. The involvement of IL-5 receptor-mediated cellular signals in the pathogenesis of a mite antigen-induced chronic asthma model was investigated. In this study, 48 female(More)
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