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Morphologic changes in the development of the mitochondrial helical sheath in the mouse spermatid tail were examined with the scanning electron microscope (SEM) using the osmium-DMSO-osmium method and classified into several stages. During late spermiogenesis, spherical mitochondria gathered around the forming spermatid tail. The shape of these mitochondria(More)
The role of gp130 in cerebral cortical histogenesis remains unknown. Mice lacking gp130 showed a hypoplastic cortical plate and decreased incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) in progenitor cells of the developing cerebrum. In contrast, injection of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), a gp130 ligand, into the lateral cerebral ventricle of wild-type(More)
Apoptosis in the developing inner ear tissue of human (Carnegie stage 14 to 21, approximately 5 to 8 weeks of gestation) and mouse (10.5 to 14 days of gestation) embryos was systematically analyzed by a computer-assisted three-dimensional reconstruction of the serial histological sections and by the TUNEL method. Morphogenetic events such as folding between(More)
Leptin is detected in the sera, and leptin receptors are expressed in the cerebrum of mouse embryos, suggesting that leptin plays a role in cerebral development. Compared with the wild type, leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice had fewer cells at embryonic day (E) 16 and E18 and had fewer 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine(+) cells at E14 and E16 in the neuroepithelium.(More)
The ultrastructural surface features of the normal fourth ventricular floor of seven human embryos ranging from Carnegie stage 14 to stage 19 (crown-rump length: 7.6-16.2 mm) were examined by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Low-power SEM views showed the median sulcus, sulcus limitans, and neuromeres, transient structures characteristic of the(More)
Leptin is a hormone that reduces food intake and increases energy expenditure by acting on the arcuate nucleus in the hypothalamus. Recent studies indicated that the neuronal circuit related to food intake in the hypothalamus is formed in the neonatal period and that leptin is necessary for the formation of this circuit. Our studies have further suggested(More)
Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), associated with brain malformation due to defects in neuronal migration, is caused by mutations in fukutin. Several lines of evidence suggest that the fukutin protein plays a pivotal role in synthesis of O-mannosyl sugar moieties of alpha-dystroglycan, a cell surface laminin receptor. Here, through(More)
Brain weight and size are known to be reduced in adult leptin-deficient Lep/Lep (OB) mice when compared with the wild-type (+/+) mice (C57BL/6: B6). We here analyzed leptin's effects on myelination by examining morphometrically the myelin sheath (MS) in the cerebrum of postnatal day (P) 14 and P28 OB that had received leptin 1 nmol/capita/day from P7 to P14(More)
In the present study to analyze the role of ACTH in fetal tissues and organs, we observed the expression of melanocortin type 2 (MC2) and 5 (MC5) receptors in ICR mouse embryos from E11.5 to E18.5 by immunohistochemistry. In the adrenal gland and testis, both receptors were expressed from E13.5 to E18.5. In the genital ridge and the ovary, melanocortin type(More)
Our previous study showed that the pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein, Gi2, is selectively localized in the ventricular zone of embryonic brains, where the neuroepithelial cells undergo active proliferation. In order to clarify the role of Gi2 in this site, we first administered pertussis toxin by an exo-utero manipulation method into the lateral ventricle(More)