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Unaccustomed strenuous exercise that includes lengthening contraction (LC) often causes delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), a kind of muscular mechanical hyperalgesia. The substances that induce this phenomenon are largely unknown. Peculiarly, DOMS is not perceived during and shortly after exercise, but rather is first perceived after approximately 1 d.(More)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are promising for the treatment of severe pulmonary hypertension. Their therapeutic effects are postulated to be due to inhibition of cell growth-related kinases and attenuation of vascular remodeling. Their potential vasodilatory activities have not been explored. Vasorelaxant effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitors imatinib,(More)
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise that includes lengthening contraction (LC) often causes delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), characterised as muscular mechanical hyperalgesia. Previously we reported that a bradykinin-like substance released from the muscle during exercise plays a pivotal role in triggering the process of muscular mechanical hyperalgesia by(More)
The change with age in pain perception in humans and the nociceptive behaviors in animals elicited by noxious stimuli to the skin are not well understood, and little is known about the peripheral neural mechanisms of cutaneous nociception in the aged. We systematically examined cutaneous nociceptor responses and nociceptive behaviors in young (9-14 w) and(More)
Fas ligand (FasL) is highly expressed in testicular tissues and thought to be responsible for protection from allograft rejection by inducing apoptosis of anti-graft activated T cells. FasL-expressing islets have been shown to induce a granulocyte-mediated inflammatory reaction. We investigated whether a graft can be protected from alloimmune responses by(More)
This study aimed to identify receptors mediating sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P)-induced vasoconstriction in the normotensive and chronic hypoxia-induced hypertensive rat pulmonary circulation. In isolated perfused lungs from normoxic rats, infusion of S1P caused a sustained vasoconstriction, which was not reduced by combinational pretreatment with the dual(More)
Rho kinase-mediated vasoconstriction rather than fixed arterial wall thickening is responsible for increased pulmonary vascular resistance and pulmonary hypertension in chronically hypoxic and monocrotaline-injected rats. In the absence of vascular tone, the medial and adventitial thickening in these models has only minimal impact on the cross-sectional(More)
We have previously reported that vasoconstrictor sensitivity to KCl (a receptor-independent and voltage-gated Ca influx-mediated vasoconstrictor) is augmented in the chronically hypoxic hypertensive rat pulmonary circulation probably through increased Rho kinase-mediated Ca sensitization. However, the upstream mechanism by which the RhoA/Rho kinase(More)
Unaccustomed strenuous exercise that includes lengthening contraction (LC) often causes tenderness and movement related pain after some delay (delayed-onset muscle soreness, DOMS). We previously demonstrated that nerve growth factor (NGF) and glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) are up-regulated in exercised muscle through up-regulation of(More)
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