Hiroki Ogawa

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Two enzyme reactors prepared by the co-immobilization of two different glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenases (G6PDH; from Leuconstoc mescenteroides (LM) and yeast (Y) and diaphorase are employed to enhance the sensitivity of NAD(P) coenzymes as on-line amplifiers based on substrate recycling in a chemiluminometric flow-injection system. The NAD(P) coenzymes(More)
Synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) at the SPring-8 40B2 and 45XU beamlines was carried out on aqueous solutions of (PEG-P(Asp(Bzl))): partially benzyl-esterified poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(aspartic acid) with LE540 loaded up to 8.3 wt %, where LE540 is a very hydrophobic retinoid antagonist drug. The scattering profiles showed(More)
The effect of cesium (Cs) adsorption on the mesoscopic structure of the clay minerals vermiculite and weathered biotite (WB) in suspensions was elucidated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The clay minerals form multilayered structures, and the Cs cations (Cs(+)) are strongly adsorbed in the interlayer space of the soil clays, in particular(More)
The dimensions and intermolecular interactions of surface-grafted and unbound, free polyampholytes, poly[3-(N-2methacryloyloxyethyl-N,N-dimethyl) ammonatopropanesulfonate] (PMAPS) and poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC), were estimated in an aqueous NaCl solution over a wide range of salt concentrations (Cs). The free PMAPS and PMPC(More)
Charge transport in intermixed regions of all-polymer solar cells based on a blend of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT; electron donor) with poly[2,7-(9,9-didodecylfluorene)-alt-5,5-(4',7'-bis(2-thienyl)-2',1',3'-benzothiadiazole)] (PF12TBT; electron acceptor) was studied by conductive atomic force microscopy (C-AFM). For a blend film fabricated from a(More)
Tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) is an important extractant for separating hexavalent uranium and tetravalent plutonium from used nuclear fuel by solvent extraction. In such solvent extractions using TBP, the organic phase occasionally separates into two organic phases, namely, light and heavy organic phases. The latter one in particular is called the third(More)
The contrast variation technique by adding sucrose to aqueous solvents as an electron density adjusting reagent was applied to small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) from a dual surfactant wormlike micelle consisting of sodium lauryl ether sulfate and coconut fatty acid amido propyl betaine in order to evaluate the flexibility and the cross-sectional structure(More)
Layer-by-layer films composed of redox-active ruthenium dimer and Zr(IV) ions were fabricated on an indium tin oxide electrode. The fabricating behavior was monitored by cyclic voltammetry and UV-vis absorption spectral measurements. The orientation of the film was also monitored by grazing-incidence small-angle and wide-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS)(More)
Using grazing-incidence small-angle scattering (GISAXS) with computed tomography (CT), we have individually reconstructed the spatial distribution of a thin gold (Au) layer buried under a thin poly(styrene-b-2-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P2VP) layer. Owing to the difference between total reflection angles of Au and PS-b-P2VP, the scattering profiles for Au(More)