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BACKGROUND Even after complete resection, recurrence of thymoma is not infrequently observed, and treatment of recurrent thymoma remains controversial. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and twenty-six patients underwent surgically complete resection for thymoma, and 24 of them had a recurrence. Surgical treatment of recurrent thymoma was attempted in 15 patients(More)
Many effective therapeutic agents exhibit effects that are different from their intended primary mode of action. Antibiotics such as doxycycline and erythromycin A are no exception. They also display anti-inflammatory activity. Using LA4 murine lung alveolar epithelial cells, effects of doxycycline and erythromycin A on inducible NO synthase (iNOS) NO(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays multifunctional roles in both the development of vasculature and the maintenance of vascular function. A decrease in VEGF reduces angiogenesis and induces apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. Inhibition of the VEGF receptor causes endothelial cell apoptosis and emphysema. We postulated that VEGF(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays multifunctional roles in vascular permeability, repair and remodelling processes, in addition to the maintenance of vascular structure and function. In the present study, the potential of airway epithelial cell lines, BEAS-2B cells and A549 cells, to release and express VEGF in unstimulated and stimulated(More)
Methotrexate-induced pneumonitis has been reported as an infrequent but potentially serious complication of therapy in a variety of malignant and benign conditions. Because inflammatory cell infiltration is concerned with the development of methotrexate-induced pneumoinitis, and because airway epithelial cells participate in the orchestration of lung(More)
Activation of the kallikrein-kinin system in lung injury has long been recognized. However, the effects of bradykinin (BK) on human lung fibroblasts (HLF) remain to be elucidated. We determined whether BK stimulates HLF to release chemotactic activity for neutrophils and monocytes (NCA and MCA, respectively). We evaluated HLF supernatant fluids for(More)
Intrapulmonary schwannoma is uncommon and preoperative radiological diagnosis is rare. Described is a schwannoma that developed as a pulmonary hilar nodule in a 38-year-old woman. The nodule showed strong (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake with a maximum standard uptake value of 5.98 on positron emission tomography and had a high apparent diffusion coefficient(More)
Smoking is associated with lung inflammation and a protease-antiprotease imbalance. We previously reported that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) stimulates human lung fibroblasts to release chemotactic cytokines. We hypothesized that serine protease inhibitors might modulate lung fibroblast release of chemotactic cytokines in response to CSE. To test this(More)
Chemotactic chemokines can be released from lung fibroblasts in response to interleukin (IL)-1beta and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. An imbalance between proteases and antiproteases has been observed at inflammatory sites, and, therefore, protease inhibitors might modulate fibroblast release of chemotactic cytokines. To test this hypothesis, serine(More)
Nitric oxide and superoxide form the unstable compound, peroxynitrite, which can nitrate proteins and compromise function of proinflammatory cytokines at sites of inflammation. Reduced function of proinflammatory proteins such as IL-8, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, and eotaxin suggest an anti-inflammatory effect of nitration. The effects of(More)