Hiroki Numanami

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Activation of the kallikrein-kinin system in lung injury has long been recognized. However, the effects of bradykinin (BK) on human lung fibroblasts (HLF) remain to be elucidated. We determined whether BK stimulates HLF to release chemotactic activity for neutrophils and monocytes (NCA and MCA, respectively). We evaluated HLF supernatant fluids for(More)
Smoking is associated with lung inflammation and a protease-antiprotease imbalance. We previously reported that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) stimulates human lung fibroblasts to release chemotactic cytokines. We hypothesized that serine protease inhibitors might modulate lung fibroblast release of chemotactic cytokines in response to CSE. To test this(More)
Neuraxial blockade causes arterial hypotension. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) at the Neiguan (PC-6) and Jianshi (PC-5) reduces the severity of hypotension after spinal anaesthesia, but did not clarify the optimal stimulus frequency. We hypothesized that the stimulus frequency of TENS at the PC-6 and PC-5 points would influence the(More)
Peroxynitrite, formed by nitric oxide and superoxide, has been shown to nitrate and reduce the function of proinflammatory proteins such as interleukin (IL)-8, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, and eotaxin, but in contrast, to enhance the function of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in reducing IL-1 release from blood monocytes. However, the effect of(More)
Smoking is associated with lung inflammation and a protease– antiprotease imbalance. We previously reported that cigarette smoke extract (CSE) stimulates human lung fibroblasts to release chemotactic cytokines. We hypothesized that serine protease inhibitors might modulate lung fibroblast release of chemotac-tic cytokines in response to CSE. To test this(More)
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