Hiroki Nakata

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Whether there is an absolute critical period for acquiring language is a matter of continuous debate. One approach to address this issue is to compare the processes of second language (L2) learning after childhood and those of first language (L1) learning during childhood. To study the cortical process of postchildhood L2 learning, we compared event-related(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the existence of a pre-attentively evoked somatosensory mismatch negativity component and to investigate the use of that component in objective clinical diagnostics. METHODS First we determined the temporal discrimination threshold (DT) of paired stimuli in each subject, and applied two sequential electrical stimuli to the hand with(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the changes in the somatosensory P100 and N140 during passive (reading) versus active tasks (counting, button pressing) and oddball (target=20%, standard=80%) versus deviant alone conditions (standards were omitted). METHODS Nine healthy subjects performed the 3 tasks (reading, counting and button pressing) under two conditions.(More)
We aimed at testing the cortical representation of complex natural sounds within auditory cortex by conducting 2 human magnetoencephalography experiments. To this end, we employed an adaptation paradigm and presented subjects with pairs of complex stimuli, namely, animal vocalizations and spectrally matched noise. In Experiment 1, we presented stimulus(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of mastication on cognitive processing using reaction time (RT) and event-related potentials (ERPs). METHODS The two experiments consisted of two conditions, Mastication (chewing gum) and Control (relaxing without chewing gum) in Experiment 1, and Jaw Movement (opening and closing the(More)
The temporal change in somatosensory evoked magnetic fields (SEFs) in the preparatory period of self-initiated voluntary movement was investigated. The SEF following stimulation of the right median nerve was recorded, using a 204-channel whole-head MEG system, in nine healthy subjects during a self-initiated extension of the right index finger every 5 to 7(More)
Many studies have reported a movement-related modulation of response in the primary and secondary somatosensory cortices (SI and SII) to a task-irrelevant stimulation in primates. In the present study, magnetoencephalography (MEG) was used to examine the top-down centrifugal regulation of neural responses in the human SI and SII to a task-relevant(More)
The modulation of the somatosensory N140 was examined in a selective attention task where a control condition was applied and the interstimulus interval (ISI) was varied. Electrical stimuli were randomly presented to the left index (p=0.4) and middle fingers (p=0.1), and right index (p=0.4) and middle fingers (p=0.1). In the attend-right condition, subjects(More)
We investigated the mechanisms underlying the differences in gating effects on short- and long-latency somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) relating to movement. SEPs were recorded in normal subjects for 6 different tasks in Experiment 1: Control, Movement, Distraction, Attention, Movement during Distraction and Movement during Attention, and for 4(More)
Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to investigate brain processing of the signals ascending from peripheral C and Adelta fibers evoked by phasic laser stimuli on the right hand in humans. The stimulation of both C and Adelta nociceptors activated the bilateral thalamus, bilateral secondary somatosensory cortex, right (ipsilateral)(More)