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The growth front of nacreous layer, which lies just above the outer prismatic layer, is one of the crucial areas to comprehend the formation of nacreous aragonite. The crystallographic properties of aragonite crystals at the growth front in pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, were investigated using scanning electron microscopy with electron back-scattered(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify useful MRI abnormalities in the putamen for diagnosing multiple system atrophy. METHODS Patients with multiple system atrophy (n=15), Parkinson's disease (n=16), or progressive supranuclear palsy (n=9) and healthy controls (n=10) were enrolled. Using a visual analog scale, 4 examiners independently rated high-intensity signals along(More)
Radioactive soil particles several tens of micrometers in size were collected from litter soil in the radiation contaminated area by the Fukushima nuclear plant accident and characterized using electron and X-ray microanalyses. The radioactive particles were discriminated by autoradiography using imaging plates (IP) on which microgrids were formed by laser(More)
{110} Twin densities in biotic aragonite have been estimated quantitatively from the peak widths of specific reflections in powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, as well as direct confirmation of the twins using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Influence of the twin density on the peak widths in the XRD pattern was simulated using DIFFaX program,(More)
Cesium adsorption/desorption experiments for various clay minerals, considering actual contamination conditions in Fukushima, were conducted using the (137)Cs radioisotope and an autoradiography using imaging plates (IPs). A 50 μl solution containing 0.185 ~ 1.85 Bq of (137)Cs (10(-11) ~ 10(-9 )molL(-1) of (137)Cs) was dropped onto a substrate where various(More)
Microparticles of radioactive cesium (Cs)-bearing silicate glass emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant were investigated mainly using state-of-the-art energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in scanning transmission electron microscopes. Precise elemental maps of the particles were obtained using double silicon drift detectors with a large(More)
Gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) has recently been identified as an itch-signaling molecule in the primary afferents and spinal cord of rodents. However, little information exists on the expression and localization of GRP in the trigeminal somatosensory system other than in rats. We examined the generality of the trigeminal GRP system in mammals using two(More)