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The growth front of nacreous layer, which lies just above the outer prismatic layer, is one of the crucial areas to comprehend the formation of nacreous aragonite. The crystallographic properties of aragonite crystals at the growth front in pearl oyster, Pinctada fucata, were investigated using scanning electron microscopy with electron back-scattered(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify useful MRI abnormalities in the putamen for diagnosing multiple system atrophy. METHODS Patients with multiple system atrophy (n=15), Parkinson's disease (n=16), or progressive supranuclear palsy (n=9) and healthy controls (n=10) were enrolled. Using a visual analog scale, 4 examiners independently rated high-intensity signals along(More)
Radioactive soil particles several tens of micrometers in size were collected from litter soil in the radiation contaminated area by the Fukushima nuclear plant accident and characterized using electron and X-ray microanalyses. The radioactive particles were discriminated by autoradiography using imaging plates (IP) on which microgrids were formed by laser(More)
Cesium adsorption/desorption experiments for various clay minerals, considering actual contamination conditions in Fukushima, were conducted using the (137)Cs radioisotope and an autoradiography using imaging plates (IPs). A 50 μl solution containing 0.185 ~ 1.85 Bq of (137)Cs (10(-11) ~ 10(-9 )molL(-1) of (137)Cs) was dropped onto a substrate where various(More)
{110} Twin densities in biotic aragonite have been estimated quantitatively from the peak widths of specific reflections in powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns, as well as direct confirmation of the twins using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Influence of the twin density on the peak widths in the XRD pattern was simulated using DIFFaX program,(More)
The stimulation of bacterial activities that convert hexavalent uranium, U(VI), to tetravalent uranium, U(IV), appears to be feasible for cost-effective remediation of contaminated aquifers. However, U(VI) reduction typically results in the precipitation of U(IV) particles less than 5 nanometers in diameter, except for environmental conditions enriched with(More)
Microparticles of radioactive cesium (Cs)-bearing silicate glass emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant were investigated mainly using state-of-the-art energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in scanning transmission electron microscopes. Precise elemental maps of the particles were obtained using double silicon drift detectors with a large(More)