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AIMS Alteration of connexin43 (Cx43)-mediated intercellular communication is known to promote susceptibility to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. However, the precise mechanism of the altered Cx43 responsible for arrhythmogenesis remains unclear. We sought to understand changes in impulse propagation of ventricular myocytes under dominant-negative (DN)(More)
The calcium (Ca(2+))-paradox injury of the heart, induced by restoration of extracellular Ca(2+) after its short-term depletion, is known to provoke cardiomyocyte contracture. However, undetermined is how the Ca(2+)-paradox provokes such a distinctive presentation of myocytes in the heart. To address this, we imaged sequential intracellular Ca(2+) dynamics(More)
[Purpose] This study investigated the characteristics of postural control following postural disturbance in elite athletes. [Subjects] Ten elite ski jumpers and ten control subjects participated in this study. [Methods] Subjects were required to maintain balance without stepping following unexpected horizontal surface perturbation in a forward or backward(More)
The authors applied principal component analysis to investigate muscle activation patterns (M-modes) involved in the automatic postural responses induced by external surface perturbations. They focused on M-mode modulations as responses to the effects of practice, stability of the conditions and perturbed directions. While peak center of mass velocity(More)
Neurotrophins play a crucial role in neuroplasticity, neurogenesis, and neuroprotection in the central nervous system. Aerobic exercise is known to increase the expression of BDNF in the cerebral cortex. Several animal studies have evaluated the tonic inhibition of GABAergic synapses to enhance hippocampal plasticity as well as learning and memory, whereas(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify the age-related effects of distances from the center of pressure (COP) to the center of mass (COM) (COP-COM distances) during one-leg standing (OLS) task. Healthy old and young adults (n = 11 each) participated in this study. The authors divided the task into 3 phases (accelerated, decelerated, and steady) based on(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the adaptation with practice of postural control while standing on a rocker board. Thirteen healthy young adults participated. The participants were asked to stand in a sagittal plane on a rocker board with a semicircular base as steadily as possible for as long as they could. With practice, the duration of(More)
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