Hiroki Kikuyama

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OBJECTIVES To identify the reliable connectivity between causal genes or variants with an abnormality expressed in a certain endophenotype has been viewed as a crucial step in unraveling the etiology of schizophrenia because of the considerable heterogeneity in this disorder. METHODS According to this practical and scientific demand, we aimed to(More)
It has been hypothesized that glutamatergic neurotransmission is related to the therapeutic effect of antipsychotic drugs. To test this hypothesis, we measured by use of the Western blot technique the polypeptide levels of NMDA receptor subunits, that is, NMDAR1, 2A, 2B, and 2C, in several regions of the rat brain after chronic treatment with haloperidol(More)
Increasing evidence has supported the hypothesis of a neurodevelopmental component in the etiology of schizophrenia. Recently, several independent microarray gene expression studies have revealed downregulated expression of myelin-related genes in the postmortem brains of schizophrenia patients. Complete myelination of the cortex has been observed to occur(More)
INTRODUCTION Schizophrenia is a heritable disorder, however clear genetic architecture has not been detected. To overcome this state of uncertainty, the SZGene database has been established by including all published case-control genetic association studies appearing in peer-reviewed journals. In the current study, we aimed to determine if genetic variants(More)
Atypical psychosis with a periodic course of exacerbation and features of major psychiatric disorders [schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD)] has a long history in clinical psychiatry in Japan. Based upon the new criteria of atypical psychosis, a Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) was conducted to identify the risk gene or variants. The(More)
We investigated the possible association between genetic polymorphisms in the dopamine receptor and serotonin transporter genes and the responses of schizophrenic patients treated with either risperidone or perospirone. The subjects comprised 27 patients with schizophrenia who were clinically evaluated both before and after treatment. The genotyping of the(More)
INTRODUCTION The search for objective biomarkers of psychiatric disorders has a long history. Despite this, no universally accepted instruments or methods to detect biomarkers have been developed. One potential exception is near-infrared spectroscopy, although interpreting the measures of blood flow recorded with this technique remains controversial. In(More)
OBJECTIVE Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a reasonable option for intractable depression or schizophrenia, but a mechanism of action has not been established. One credible hypothesis is related to neural plasticity. Three genes (Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc) involved in the induction of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are Wnt-target genes, which constitute a(More)
Since E. Kraepelin isolated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder as heterogeneous diseases, attempts to categorize mental illnesses have continued to the DSM-5. Meanwhile, cases of psychosis occurring as a result of neurosyphilis have been reported. Whilst in some cases it is useful to divide mental illnesses, in others imposing such classifications may be(More)
INTRODUCTION Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is currently regarded as a significant treatment option for intractable psychiatric disorders, such as catatonic schizophrenia or treatment-resistant depression; however, the underlying molecular mechanism for its therapeutic effect remains obscure. METHODS Employing microarray analysis (Human Genome U133 Plus(More)