Hiroki Kajino

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Although the role of PGE2 in maintaining ductus arteriosus (DA) patency is well established, the specific PGE2 receptor subtype(s) (EP) involved have not been clearly identified. We used late gestation fetal and neonatal lambs to study developmental regulation of EP receptors. In the fetal DA, radioligand binding and RT-PCR assays virtually failed to detect(More)
Studies performed in sheep and baboons have shown that after birth, the normoxic muscle media of ductus arteriosus (DA) becomes profoundly hypoxic as it constricts and undergoes anatomic remodeling. We used isolated fetal lamb DA (pretreated with inhibitors of prostaglandin and nitric oxide production) to determine why the immature DA fails to remain(More)
Postnatal constriction of the full-term ductus arteriosus produces hypoxia of the muscle media. This is associated with anatomic remodeling (including smooth muscle death) that prevents subsequent reopening. We used late-gestation fetal and neonatal lambs to determine which factors are responsible for the postnatal hypoxia. Hypoxia [measured by(More)
BACKGROUND In the preterm newborn, a patent ductus arteriosus is in large part a result of the increased sensitivity of the immature ductus to prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). PGE2 acts through 3 G protein-coupled receptors (EP2, EP3, and EP4) that activate both adenyl cyclase and K(ATP) channels. We explored these pathways to identify the mechanisms responsible(More)
Indomethacin produces constriction and hypoxia of the fetal ductus arteriosus. This is associated with death of smooth muscle cells in the ductus wall and an increased incidence of patent ductus arteriosus in the newborn period. We used fetal sheep to determine which factors are responsible for indomethacin-induced hypoxic cell death. Cell death in the(More)
Regulation of ductus arteriosus (DA) tension depends on a balance between oxygen-induced constriction and PG and nitric oxide (NO)-mediated relaxation. After birth, increasing Pa(O(2)) produces DA constriction. However, as the full-term ductus constricts, it develops severe tissue hypoxia in its inner vessel wall (oxygen concentration <0.2%). We used(More)
Compared with the full-term ductus arteriosus, the premature ductus is less likely to constrict when exposed to postnatal oxygen concentrations. We used isolated fetal sheep ductus arteriosus (pretreated with inhibitors of prostaglandin and nitric oxide production) to determine whether changes in K+- and CaL-channel activity could account for the(More)
Anatomic remodeling and permanent closure of the newborn ductus arteriosus appears to require the development of intense hypoxia within the constricted vessel wall. Hypoxic ductus smooth muscle cells express vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF). We studied premature baboons and sheep to determine the effects of VEGF inhibition (in baboons) and(More)
Permanent closure of the full-term newborn ductus arteriosus (DA) occurs only if profound hypoxia develops within the vessel wall during luminal obliteration. We used fetal and newborn baboons and lambs to determine why the immature DA fails to remodel after birth. When preterm newborns were kept in a normoxic range (Pa(O(2)): 50-90 mmHg), 86% still had a(More)